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Solutions for Chapter 8: Gender

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Full solutions for Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780321809247

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Solutions for Chapter 8: Gender

Solutions for Chapter 8
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Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

Since 432 problems in chapter 8: Gender have been answered, more than 319739 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, edition: 3. Chapter 8: Gender includes 432 full step-by-step solutions. Chemistry: A Molecular Approach was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321809247.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Anti stereoselectivity

    The addition of atoms or groups of atoms to opposite faces of a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • boiling point.

    The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the external atmospheric pressure. (11.8)

  • bond cleavage

    The breaking of a bond, either homolytically or heterolytically. bond dissociation energy (Sect. 6.1): The energy required to achieve homolytic bond cleavage (generating radicals).

  • buffered solution (buffer)

    A solution that undergoes a limited change in pH upon addition of a small amount of acid or base. (Section 17.2)

  • chain-growth polymer

    A polymer that is formed under conditions in which the monomers do not react directly with each other, but rather, each monomer is added to the growing chain, one at a time.

  • chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)

    Compound containing only carbon, chlorine, and fluorine.

  • Confi guration

    Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter

  • Coulomb’s law.

    The potential energy between two ions is directly proportional to the product of their charges and inversely proportional to the distance between them. (9.3)

  • Covalent bond

    A chemical bond formed between two atoms by sharing one or more pairs of electrons.

  • Deshielding

    The term used to express the concept of less shielding in NMR

  • dihedral angle

    The angle by which two groups are separated in a Newman projection.

  • Enantiotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.

  • first-order reaction

    A reaction in which the reaction rate is proportional to the concentration of a single reactant, raised to the first power. (Section 14.4)

  • formula weight

    The mass of the collection of atoms represented by a chemical formula. For example, the formula weight of NO2 (46.0 amu) is the sum of the masses of one nitrogen atom and two oxygen atoms. (Section 3.3)

  • Freons

    CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.

  • heat of reaction

    The heat given off during a reaction.

  • homolitic bond cleavage

    Bond breaking that results in the formation of unchanged species called radicals.

  • semiconductor

    A material that has electrical conductivity between that of a metal and that of an insulator. (Section 12.7)

  • solid

    Matter that has both a definite shape and a definite volume. (Section 1.2)

  • Wolff-Kishner reduction

    A method for converting a carbonyl group into a methylene group (CH2) under basic conditions.

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