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Solutions for Chapter 21: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach 3rd Edition

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Full solutions for Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780321809247

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Solutions for Chapter 21

Solutions for Chapter 21
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Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, edition: 3. Chapter 21 includes 172 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 172 problems in chapter 21 have been answered, more than 464069 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chemistry: A Molecular Approach was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321809247.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • aliphatic hydrocarbons.

    Hydrocarbons that do not contain the benzene group or the benzene ring. (24.1)

  • Alkene metathesis

    A reaction in which two alkenes interchange the carbons attached to their double bonds.

  • anti-Markovnikov addition

    An addition reaction in which a hydrogen atom is installed at the more substituted vinylic position and another group (such as a halogen) is installed at the less substituted vinylic position.

  • breeder reactor.

    A nuclear reactor that produces more fissionable materials than it uses. (19.5)

  • chain reaction

    A reaction (generally involving radicals) in which one chemical entity can ultimately cause a chemical transformation for thousands of molecules.

  • cyanides.

    Compounds containing the CN2 ion. (22.3)

  • cycloalkanes.

    Alkanes whose carbon atoms are joined in rings. (24.2)

  • disulfide

    A compound with the structure R!S!S!R.

  • electrophile

    A compound containing an electron-deficient atom that is capable of accepting a pair of electrons.

  • Faraday constant (F )

    The magnitude of charge of one mole of electrons: 96,500 C>mol. (Section 20.5)

  • halogens

    Members of group 7A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)

  • Heterocyclic aromatic amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is one of the atoms of an aromatic ring.

  • Infrared (IR) spectroscopy

    A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.

  • malonic ester synthesis

    Asynthetic technique that enables the transformationof a halide into a carboxylic acid with theintroduction of two new carbon atoms.

  • peptide bond

    The amide linkage by which two amino acids are coupled together to form peptides.

  • polar covalent bond

    A covalent bond in which the electrons are not shared equally. (Section 8.4)

  • polysaccharides

    Polymers made up of repeating monosaccharide units linked together by glycoside bonds.

  • polyurethanes

    Polymers made up of repeating urethane groups, also sometimes called carbamate groups (!N!CO2!).

  • prosthetic group

    A nonprotein unit attached to a protein, such as heme in hemoglobin.

  • Wolff-Kishner reduction

    Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using hydrazine and a base. Ylide (Section 16.6)

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