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Solutions for Chapter 19: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach 3rd Edition

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Full solutions for Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780321809247

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Solutions for Chapter 19

Solutions for Chapter 19
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Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, edition: 3. Since 218 problems in chapter 19 have been answered, more than 827106 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 19 includes 218 full step-by-step solutions. Chemistry: A Molecular Approach was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321809247. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Bile acid

    A cholesterol-derived detergent molecule, such as cholic acid, which is secreted by the gallbladder into the intestine to assist in the absorption of dietary lipids.

  • chain reaction

    A series of reactions in which one reaction initiates the next. (Section 21.7)

  • column chromatography

    A technique by which compounds are separated from each other based on a difference in the way they interact with the medium (the adsorbent) through which they are passed.

  • covalent bond

    A bond that results when two atoms share a pair of electrons.

  • decomposition reaction.

    The breakdown of a compound into two or more components. (4.4)

  • deposition.

    The process in which the molecules go directly from the vapor into the solid phase. (11.8)

  • diagnostic region

    The region of an IR spectrum that contains signals that arise from double bonds, triple bonds, and X!H bonds.

  • dynamic equilibrium

    A state of balance in which opposing processes occur at the same rate. (Section 11.5)

  • enthalpy of formation

    The enthalpy change that accompanies the formation of a substance from the most stable forms of its component elements. (Section 5.7)

  • Equivalent hydrogens

    Hydrogens that have the same chemical environment

  • Freons

    CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.

  • geminal

    Two groups connected to the same carbon atom. For example, a geminal dihalide is a compound with two halogens connected to the same carbon atom.

  • greenhouse gases

    Gases in an atmosphere that absorb and emit infrared radiation (radiant heat), “trapping” heat in the atmosphere. (Section 18.2)

  • Homotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give an achiral molecule when one of the groups is replaced by another group. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of propane, for example, are homotopic. Replacing either one of them with deuterium gives 2-deuteropropane, which is achiral. Homotopic groups have identical chemical shifts under all conditions

  • ionic reaction

    A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.

  • Ionization potential (IP)

    The minimum energy required to remove an electron from an atom or molecule to a distance where there is no electrostatic interaction between the resulting ion and electron.

  • nanomaterial

    A solid whose dimensions range from 1 to 100 nm and whose properties differ from those of a bulk material with the same composition. (Section 12.1)

  • nonbonding pair

    In a Lewis structure a pair of electrons assigned completely to one atom; also called a lone pair. (Section 9.2)

  • partially condensed structures

    A drawing style in which the CH bonds are not drawn explicitly, but all other bonds are drawn.

  • peptidases

    A variety of enzymes that selectively hydrolyze specific peptide bonds.