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Solutions for Chapter 3.3SE: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach 3rd Edition

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Full solutions for Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780321809247

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Solutions for Chapter 3.3SE

Solutions for Chapter 3.3SE
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Chemistry: A Molecular Approach was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321809247. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, edition: 3rd. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 3.3SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Since 2 problems in chapter 3.3SE have been answered, more than 126023 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • accuracy

    A measure of how closely individual measurements agree with the correct value. (Section 1.5)

  • Acylium ion

    A resonance-stabilized cation with the structure [RC"O]1 or [ArC"O]1. The positive charge is delocalized over both the carbonyl carbon and the carbonyl oxygen.

  • alcohol

    An organic compound obtained by substituting a hydroxyl group 1¬OH2 for a hydrogen on a hydrocarbon. (Sections 2.9 and 24.4)

  • aldol addition reaction

    A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.

  • atomic number (Z).

    The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom. (2.3)

  • band

    An array of closely spaced molecular orbitals occupying a discrete range of energy. (Section 12.4)

  • band gap

    The energy gap between a fully occupied band called a valence band and an empty band called the conduction band. (Section 12.7)

  • crystalline solid.

    A solid that possesses rigid and long-range order; its atoms, molecules, or ions occupy specific positions. (11.4)

  • Enolate anion

    An anion derived by loss of a hydrogen from a carbon alpha to a carbonyl group; the anion of an enol.

  • first law of thermodynamics

    A statement that energy is conserved in any process. One way to express the law is that the change in internal energy, ?E, of a system in any process is equal to the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)

  • Hertz (Hz)

    The unit in which frequency is measured: s 21 (read “per second”).

  • Hückel criteria for aromaticity

    To be aromatic, a monocyclic compound must have one 2p orbital on each atom of the ring, be planar or nearly so, and have (4n 1 2) p electrons in the cyclic arrangement of 2p orbitals

  • interhalogens

    Compounds formed between two different halogen elements. Examples include IBr and BrF3. (Section 22.4)

  • labile

    Protons that are exchanged at a rapid rate.

  • ortho

    On an aromatic ring, the C2 position.

  • Prochiral hydrogens

    Refers to two hydrogens bonded to a carbon atom. When a different atom replaces one or the other, the carbon becomes a chiral center. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are prochiral. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol

  • root-mean-square (rms) speed 1M2

    The square root of the average of the squared speeds of the gas molecules in a gas sample. (Section 10.7)

  • solubility-product constant (solubility product)1Ksp2

    An equilibrium constant related to the equilibrium between a solid salt and its ions in solution. It provides a quantitative measure of the solubility of a slightly soluble salt. (Section 17.4)

  • Spin-spin coupling

    An interaction in which nuclear spins of adjacent atoms infl uence each other and lead to the spitting of NMR signals.

  • steroids

    Lipids that are based on a tetracyclic ring system involving three six-membered rings and one five-membered ring. Cholesterol is an example.

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