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Solutions for Chapter 3.3SE: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach 3rd Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition
The process of introducing an acyl group, RCO! or ArCO!, onto an organic molecule.
An organic compound that has an NR2 group attached to a carbonyl. (Section 24.4)
A polymer with completely random confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, atactic polypropylene
The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the external atmospheric pressure. (11.8)
common ion effect.
The shift in equilibrium caused by the addition of a compound having an ion in common with the dissolved substances. (16.2)
A voltaic cell containing the same electrolyte and the same electrode materials in both the anode and cathode compartments. The emf of the cell is derived from a difference in the concentrations of the same electrolyte solutions in the compartments. (Section 20.6)
A polymerization in which chain growth occurs in a stepwise manner between difunctional monomers. Also called step-growth polymerization.
An imaginary network of points on which the repeating motif of a solid may be imagined to be laid down so that the structure of the crystal is obtained. The motif may be a single atom or a group of atoms. Each lattice point represents an identical environment in the crystal. (Section 12.2)
A molecule containing an !OH group and a !CN group bonded to the same carbon.
Polymers that return to their original shape after being stretched.
A voltaic cell that utilizes the oxidation of a conventional fuel, such as H2 or CH4, in the cell reaction. (Section 20.7)
Two groups connected to the same carbon atom. For example, a geminal dihalide is a compound with two halogens connected to the same carbon atom.
A compound containing a halogen atom and a hydroxyl group on adjacent carbons; those containing Br and OH are bromohydrins, and those containing Cl and OH are chlorohydrins.
A diagram that shows the energies of molecular orbitals relative to the atomic orbitals from which they are derived; also called an energy-level diagram. (Section 9.7)
The loss of electrons. Alternatively, either the loss of hydrogens, the gain of oxygens, or both.
A variety of enzymes that selectively hydrolyze specific peptide bonds.
pH titration curve
A graph of pH as a function of added titrant. (Section 17.3)
A polymer that can be molded when hot and retains its shape when cooled
A signal of an NMR spectrum that is shifted toward the right (smaller chemical shift) on the chart paper.
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion theory, which can be used to predict the geometry around an atom.