Solutions for Chapter 3: Stoichiometry of Formulas and Equations

Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780077216504 | Authors: Martin S. Silberberg

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780077216504

Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780077216504 | Authors: Martin S. Silberberg

Solutions for Chapter 3: Stoichiometry of Formulas and Equations

Solutions for Chapter 3
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change
Edition: 5
Author: Martin S. Silberberg
ISBN: 9780077216504

Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780077216504. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 3: Stoichiometry of Formulas and Equations includes 62 full step-by-step solutions. Since 62 problems in chapter 3: Stoichiometry of Formulas and Equations have been answered, more than 53891 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change, edition: 5.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • atmospheric pressure.

    The pressure exerted by Earth’s atmosphere. (5.2)

  • Birch reduction

    A reaction in which benzene is reduced to give 1,4-cyclohexadiene.

  • Boyle’s law.

    The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant temperature is inversely proportional to the gas pressure. (5.3)

  • concentration of a solution.

    The amount of solute present in a given quantity of solvent or solution. (4.5)

  • Diaxial interactions

    Refers to the steric strain arising from interaction between an axial substituent and an axial hydrogen (or other group) on the same side of a chair conformation of a cyclohexane ring

  • Dienophile

    A compound containing a double bond (consisting of one or two C, N, or O atoms) that can react with a conjugated diene to give a Diels-Alder adduct.

  • Disulfide

    A molecule containing an !S!S! group

  • Double helix

    A type of secondary structure of DNA molecules in which two anti parallel polynucleotide strands are coiled in a right-handed manner about the same axis

  • elimination

    A reaction involving the loss of a leaving group and formation of a p bond.

  • entropy

    The measure of disorder associated with a system.

  • Hückel’s rule

    The requirement for an odd number of p electron pairs in order for a compound to be aromatic.

  • methyl shift

    A type of carbocation rearrangement in which a methyl group migrates.

  • molecular orbital (MO)

    An allowed state for an electron in a molecule. According to molecular-orbital theory, a molecular orbital is entirely analogous to an atomic orbital, which is an allowed state for an electron in an atom. Most bonding molecular orbitals can be classified as s or p, depending on the disposition of electron density with respect to the internuclear axis. (Section 9.7)

  • Monomer

    From the Greek, mono 1 meros, meaning single part. The simplest nonredundant unit from which a polymer is synthesized.

  • Pro-S-hydrogen

    Replacing this hydrogen by deuterium gives a chiral center with an S confi guration

  • SN2

    A bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.

  • solubility-product constant (solubility product)1Ksp2

    An equilibrium constant related to the equilibrium between a solid salt and its ions in solution. It provides a quantitative measure of the solubility of a slightly soluble salt. (Section 17.4)

  • Vinyl group

    A carbocation in which the positive charge is on one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • Wavelength (l)

    The distance between consecutive peaks on a wave

  • Zaitsev’s rule

    A rule stating that the major product of a b-elimination reaction is the most stable alkene; that is, it is the alkene with the greatest number of substituents on the carboncarbon double bond

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