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Solutions for Chapter 18: Acid-Base Equilibria

Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780077216504 | Authors: Martin S. Silberberg

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780077216504

Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780077216504 | Authors: Martin S. Silberberg

Solutions for Chapter 18: Acid-Base Equilibria

Solutions for Chapter 18
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change
Edition: 5
Author: Martin S. Silberberg
ISBN: 9780077216504

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change, edition: 5. Chapter 18: Acid-Base Equilibria includes 189 full step-by-step solutions. Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780077216504. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 189 problems in chapter 18: Acid-Base Equilibria have been answered, more than 94823 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • amino acid

    A compound containing a carboxylic acid group (COOH) as well as an amino group (NH2).

  • Anti conformation

    A conformation about a single bond in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 180°.

  • Antibonding molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electrons have a higher energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals

  • Dipole-dipole interaction

    The attraction between the positive end of one dipole and the negative end of another.

  • Enantiotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.

  • endergonic

    Any process with a positive DG.

  • Fischer projections

    A drawing style that is often used when dealing with compounds bearing multiple chirality centers, especially for carbohydrates. (See also Sect. 5.7.)

  • gray (Gy)

    The SI unit for radiation dose

  • Haloalkane (alkyl halide)

    A compound containing a halogen atom covalently bonded to an sp3 -hybridized carbon atom. Given the symbol R!X.

  • Henry’s law

    A law stating that the concentration of a gas in a solution, Sg, is proportional to the pressure of gas over the solution: Sg = kPg. (Section 13.3)

  • ideal-gas equation

    An equation of state for gases that embodies Boyle’s law, Charles’s law, and Avogadro’s hypothesis in the form PV = nRT. (Section 10.4)

  • ion–dipole force

    The force that exists between an ion and a neutral polar molecule that possesses a permanent dipole moment. (Section 11.2)

  • Meso compound

    An achiral compound possessing two or more chiral centers that also has chiral isomers

  • nonelectrolyte

    A substance that does not ionize in water and consequently gives a nonconducting solution. (Section 4.1)

  • Order of precedence of functions

    A ranking of functional groups in order of priority for the purposes of IUPAC nomenclature.

  • retro-aldol reaction

    The reverse of an aldol reaction. A b-hydroxyketone or aldehyde is converted into two ketones or aldehydes.

  • salt

    An ionic compound formed by replacing one or more hydrogens of an acid by other cations. (Section 4.3)

  • Steroid

    A plant or animal lipid having the characteristic tetracyclic ring structure of the steroid nucleus, namely three sixmembered rings and one fi ve-membered ring.

  • Thermodynamic control

    Experimental conditions that permit the establishment of equilibrium between two or more products of a reaction. The composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative stabilities of the products.

  • third order

    A reaction that has a rate equation in which the sum of all exponents is three

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