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Solutions for Chapter 2: Chemistry 11th Edition

Chemistry | 11th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402680 | Authors: Raymond Chang

Full solutions for Chemistry | 11th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402680

Chemistry | 11th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402680 | Authors: Raymond Chang

Solutions for Chapter 2

Solutions for Chapter 2
4 5 0 303 Reviews
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Textbook: Chemistry
Edition: 11
Author: Raymond Chang
ISBN: 9780073402680

Since 136 problems in chapter 2 have been answered, more than 670161 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 2 includes 136 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry, edition: 11. Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402680.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alloy

    A substance that has the characteristic properties of a metal and contains more than one element. Often there is one principal metallic component, with other elements present in smaller amounts. Alloys may be homogeneous or heterogeneous. (Section 12.3)

  • Allylic substitution

    Any reaction in which an atom or group of atoms is substituted for another atom or group of atoms at an allylic carbon.

  • bond order.

    The difference between the numbers of electrons in bonding molecular orbitals and antibonding molecular orbitals, divided by two. (10.7)

  • bonding pair

    In a Lewis structure a pair of electrons that is shared by two atoms. (Section 9.2)

  • Chiral center

    A tetrahedral atom, most commonly carbon, that is bonded to four different groups; also called a chirality center

  • Confi guration

    Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter

  • doping

    Incorporation of a hetero atom into a solid to change its electrical properties. For example, incorporation of P into Si. (Section 12.7)

  • doublet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of two peaks.

  • heat

    The flow of energy from a body at higher temperature to one at lower temperature when they are placed in thermal contact. (Section 5.1)

  • heterogeneous equilibrium

    The equilibrium established between substances in two or more different phases, for example, between a gas and a solid or between a solid and a liquid. (Section 15.4)

  • Hofmann elimination

    A reaction in which an amino group is treated with excess methyl iodide, thereby converting it into an excellent leaving group, followed by treatment with a strong base to give an E2 reaction that yields an alkene.

  • hydrate

    A compound containing two hydroxyl groups (OH) connected to the same carbon atom.

  • ion

    Electrically charged atom or group of atoms (polyatomic ion); ions can be positively or negatively charged, depending on whether electrons are lost (positive) or gained (negative) by the atoms. (Section 2.7)

  • levorotatory, or merely levo or l

    A term used to label a chiral molecule that rotates the plane of polarization of plane-polarized light to the left (counterclockwise). (Section 24.4)

  • metathesis (exchange) reaction

    A reaction in which two substances react through an exchange of their component ions: AX + BY ¡ AY + BX. Precipitation and acid–base neutralization reactions are examples of metathesis reactions. (Section 4.2)

  • optically inactive

    A compound that does not rotate plane-polarized light.

  • primary cell

    A voltaic cell that cannot be recharged. (Section 20.7)

  • protecting group

    A group that is used during synthesis to protect a functional group from the reaction conditions.

  • Reductive amination

    A method for preparing substituted amines by treating an aldehyde or ketone with an amine in the presence of a reducing agent

  • retention time

    The amount of time required for a compound to exit from a gas chromatograph.