×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Chemistry - Textbook Survival Guide
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Chemistry - Textbook Survival Guide

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

Solutions for Chapter 21: Chemistry 11th Edition

Chemistry | 11th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402680 | Authors: Raymond Chang

Full solutions for Chemistry | 11th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402680

Chemistry | 11th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402680 | Authors: Raymond Chang

Solutions for Chapter 21

Solutions for Chapter 21
4 5 0 334 Reviews
11
4
Textbook: Chemistry
Edition: 11
Author: Raymond Chang
ISBN: 9780073402680

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry, edition: 11. Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402680. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 21 includes 76 full step-by-step solutions. Since 76 problems in chapter 21 have been answered, more than 531819 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • asymmetric stretching

    In IR spectroscopy, when two bonds are stretching out of phase with each other.

  • bonding atomic radius

    The radius of an atom as defined by the distances separating it from other atoms to which it is chemically bonded. (Section 7.3)

  • catalytic hydrogenation

    A reaction that involves the addition of molecular hydrogen (H2) across a double bond in the presence of a metal catalyst.

  • condensed structure

    A drawing style in which none of the bonds are drawn. Groups of atoms are clustered together when possible. For example, isopropanol has two CH3 groups, both of which are connected to the central carbon atom, shown like this: (CH3)2CHOH.

  • Conjugate addition

    Addition of a nucleophile to the b-carbon of an a,b-unsaturated carbonyl compound. (Section 20.2A) Addition to carbons 1 and 4 of a conjugated diene.

  • diamagnetism

    The circulation of electron density in the presence of an external magnetic field, which produces a local (induced) magnetic field that opposes the external magnetic field.

  • disulfide

    A compound with the structure R!S!S!R.

  • Fischer projection

    A twodimensional representation of a molecule; in these projections, groups on the right and left are by convention in front, while those at the top and bottom are to the rear.

  • Hybridization

    The combination of atomic orbitals of different types

  • hydrocarbons

    Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen. (Section 2.9)

  • hydrolysis

    A reaction with water. When a cation or anion reacts with water, it changes the pH. (Sections 16.9 and 24.4)

  • ignal splitting in NMR

    Spin-spin coupling with adjacent nuclei split NMR signals depending on the extent of coupling and the number of adjacent equivalent nuclei.

  • Ketone

    A compound containing a carbonyl group bonded to two carbons.

  • Monosaccharide

    A carbohydrate that cannot be hydrolyzed to a simpler carbohydrate.

  • Polyamide

    A polymer in which each monomer unit is joined to the next by an amide bond, as, for example, nylon 66.

  • propagation

    For radical reactions,the steps whose sum gives the net chemical reaction.

  • reversible process

    A process that can go back and forth between states along exactly the same path; a system at equilibrium is reversible if equilibrium can be shifted by an infinitesimal modification of a variable such as temperature. (Section 19.1)

  • secondary alkyl halide

    An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to exactly two alkyl groups.

  • Steric strain

    The strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by four or more bonds are forced closer to each other than their atomic (contact) radii would allow. Steric strain is also called non-bonded interaction strain, or van der Waals strain.

  • vicinal

    A term used to describe two identical groups attached to adjacent carbon atoms.