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Solutions for Chapter 21: Metallurgy and the Chemistry of Metals

Chemistry | 11th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402680 | Authors: Raymond Chang

Full solutions for Chemistry | 11th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402680

Chemistry | 11th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402680 | Authors: Raymond Chang

Solutions for Chapter 21: Metallurgy and the Chemistry of Metals

Solutions for Chapter 21
4 5 0 268 Reviews
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Textbook: Chemistry
Edition: 11
Author: Raymond Chang
ISBN: 9780073402680

Summary of Chapter 21: Metallurgy and the Chemistry of Metals

Study the sequence of steps from the preparation of the ores to the production of metals. We focus mainly on the metallurgy of iron and the making of steel. We also examine several methods of metal purification.

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry, edition: 11. Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402680. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 21: Metallurgy and the Chemistry of Metals includes 77 full step-by-step solutions. Since 77 problems in chapter 21: Metallurgy and the Chemistry of Metals have been answered, more than 1139191 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acyl group

    The term describing a carbonyl group (CRO bond) connected to an alkyl group or aryl group.

  • bicyclic

    A structure containing two rings that are fused together.

  • Bile acid

    A cholesterol-derived detergent molecule, such as cholic acid, which is secreted by the gallbladder into the intestine to assist in the absorption of dietary lipids.

  • Boat conformation

    A nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring in which carbons 1 and 4 of the ring are bent toward each other

  • Chain-transfer reaction

    The transfer of reactivity of an endgroup from one chain to another during a polymerization

  • coordination sphere

    The metal ion and its surrounding ligands. (Section 23.2)

  • crystallization

    The process in which molecules, ions, or atoms come together to form a crystalline solid. (Section 13.2)

  • debye (D)

    A unit of measure fordipole moments, where 1 debye = 10-18 esuƗcm.

  • dienophile

    A compound that reacts with a diene in a Diels-Alder reaction.

  • Fischer projections

    A drawing style that is often used when dealing with compounds bearing multiple chirality centers, especially for carbohydrates. (See also Sect. 5.7.)

  • force

    A push or a pull. (Section 5.1)

  • loss of a leaving group

    One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.

  • mass defect

    The difference between the mass of a nucleus and the total masses of the individual nucleons that it contains. (Section 21.6)

  • metallic elements (metals)

    Elements that are usually solids at room temperature, exhibit high electrical and heat conductivity, and appear lustrous. Most of the elements in the periodic table are metals. (Sections 2.5 and 12.1)

  • Nitrile

    A compound containing a !C#N (cyano) group bonded to a carbon atom.

  • peptide

    A chain comprised of a small number of amino acid residues.

  • protein

    A biopolymer formed from amino acids. (Section 24.7)

  • Robinson annulation

    The combination of a Michael addition followed by an aldol condensation to form a ring.

  • step-growth polymers

    Polymers that are formed under conditions in which the individual monomers react with each other to form oligomers, which are then joined together to form polymers.

  • van der Waals radius

    The minimum distance of approach to an atom that does not cause nonbonded interaction strain.