×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Chemistry - Textbook Survival Guide
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Chemistry - Textbook Survival Guide

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

Solutions for Chapter 1: Introduction:Matter, Energy, and Measurement

Chemistry: The Central Science | 14th Edition | ISBN: 9780134414232 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 14th Edition

ISBN: 9780134414232

Chemistry: The Central Science | 14th Edition | ISBN: 9780134414232 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Solutions for Chapter 1: Introduction:Matter, Energy, and Measurement

Solutions for Chapter 1
4 5 0 298 Reviews
12
0
Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 14
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus
ISBN: 9780134414232

Summary of Chapter 1: Introduction:Matter, Energy, and Measurement

Provides an overview of what chemistry is about and what chemists do.

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 14. Chapter 1: Introduction:Matter, Energy, and Measurement includes 181 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 181 problems in chapter 1: Introduction:Matter, Energy, and Measurement have been answered, more than 28882 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780134414232.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activate

    For a substituted aromatic ring, the effect of an electron-donating substituent that increases the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution.

  • aliphatic hydrocarbons.

    Hydrocarbons that do not contain the benzene group or the benzene ring. (24.1)

  • Aprotic solvent

    A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide

  • carbohydrates

    Polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones with molecular formula CxH2xOx.

  • chemical nomenclature

    The rules used in naming substances. (Section 2.8)

  • condensed structure

    A drawing style in which none of the bonds are drawn. Groups of atoms are clustered together when possible. For example, isopropanol has two CH3 groups, both of which are connected to the central carbon atom, shown like this: (CH3)2CHOH.

  • Dipeptide

    A molecule containing two amino acid units joined by a peptide bond

  • Eclipsed conformation

    A conformation about a carboncarbon single bond in which the atoms or groups on one carbon are as close as possible to the atoms or groups on an adjacent carbon.

  • Exergonic reaction

    A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is lower than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an exergonic reaction favors products.

  • Hammond postulate

    In an exothermic process the transition state is closer in energy to the reactants than to the products, and therefore the structure of the transition state more closely resembles the reactants. In contrast, the transition state in an endothermic process is closer in energy to the products, and therefore the transition state more closely resembles the products.

  • Ka

    A measure of the strength of an acid: Ka = Keq 3H2O4 = 3H3O+ 4 3A- 4 3HA4

  • Molecular spectroscopy

    The study of which frequencies of radiation are absorbed or emitted by a particular substance and the correlation of these frequencies with details of molecular structure.

  • plasticizers

    Small molecules that are trapped between polymer chains where they function as lubricants, preventing the polymer from being brittle.

  • reducing sugar

    A carbohydrate that is oxidized upon treatment with Tollens’ reagent, Fehling’s reagent, or Benedict’s reagent.

  • sigma (s) bond

    A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.

  • solvolysis

    A substitution reaction in which the solvent functions as the nucleophile.

  • Step-growth polymerization

    A polymerization in which chain growth occurs in a stepwise manner between difunctional monomers as, for example, between adipic acid and hexamethylenediamine to form nylon 66. Also called condensation polymerization.

  • Transfer RNA (tRNA

    A ribonucleic acid that carries a specifi c amino acid to the site of protein synthesis on ribosomes

  • Upfield

    A signal of an NMR spectrum that is shifted toward the right (smaller chemical shift) on the chart paper.

  • Z

    For alkenes, a stereodescriptor that indicates that the two priority groups are on the same side of the p bond.