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Solutions for Chapter 5: Thermochemistry

Chemistry: The Central Science | 14th Edition | ISBN: 9780134414232 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 14th Edition

ISBN: 9780134414232

Chemistry: The Central Science | 14th Edition | ISBN: 9780134414232 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Solutions for Chapter 5: Thermochemistry

Solutions for Chapter 5
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 14
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus
ISBN: 9780134414232

Summary of Chapter 5: Thermochemistry

We explore energy and its changes.

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 14. Since 127 problems in chapter 5: Thermochemistry have been answered, more than 37176 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780134414232. Chapter 5: Thermochemistry includes 127 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • band structure

    The electronic structure of a solid, defining the allowed ranges of energy for electrons in a solid. (Section 12.7)

  • bar

    A unit of pressure equal to 105 Pa. (Section 10.2)

  • bond enthalpy

    The enthalpy change, ?H, required to break a particular bond when the substance is in the gas phase. (Section 8.8)

  • boundary surface diagram.

    Diagram of the region containing a substantial amount of the electron density (about 90 percent) in an orbital. (7.7)

  • Clemmensen reduction

    A reaction in which a carbonyl group is completely reduced and replaced with two hydrogen atoms.

  • decomposition reaction.

    The breakdown of a compound into two or more components. (4.4)

  • electrocyclic reaction

    A pericyclic process in which a conjugated polyene undergoes cyclization. In the process, one p bond is converted into a s bond, while the remaining p bonds all change their location. The newly formed s bond joins the ends of the original p system,thereby creating a ring.

  • enol

    A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) connected directly to a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • halogen abstraction

    In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a halogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.

  • Meta (m)

    Refers to groups occupying 1,3-positions on a benzene ring.

  • Micelle

    A spherical arrangement of organic molecules in water solution clustered so that their hydrophobic parts are buried inside the sphere and their hydrophilic parts are on the surface of the sphere and in contact with water

  • Nernst equation

    An equation that relates the cell emf, E, to the standard emf, E°, and the reaction quotient, Q: E = E° - 1RT>nF2 ln Q. (Section 20.6)

  • Newman projection

    A drawing style that is designed to show the conformation of a molecule.

  • Nitrile

    A compound containing a !C#N (cyano) group bonded to a carbon atom.

  • Oxonium ion

    An ion in which oxygen bears a positive charge.

  • Pauli exclusion principle

    A rule stating that no two electrons in an atom may have the same four quantum numbers (n, l, ml, and ms). As a reflection of this principle, there can be no more than two electrons in any one atomic orbital. (Section 6.7)

  • phospholipid

    A form of lipid molecule that contains charged phosphate groups. (Section 24.9)

  • polynucleotide

    A polymer constructed from nucleotides linked together.

  • resolution

    The separation of enantiomers from a mixture containing both enantiomers.

  • Strecker synthesis

    A synthetictechnique for preparing racemic a-amino acidsfrom aldehydes.