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Solutions for Chapter 1: Chemistry 8th Edition

Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780547125329 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780547125329

Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780547125329 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 1

Solutions for Chapter 1
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Textbook: Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9780547125329

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry, edition: 8. Since 123 problems in chapter 1 have been answered, more than 135038 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547125329. Chapter 1 includes 123 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • anion

    A negatively charged ion. (Section 2.7)

  • colloid.

    A dispersion of particles of one substance (the dispersed phase) throughout a dispersing medium made of another substance. (12.8)

  • coordination number

    The number of adjacent atoms to which an atom is directly bonded. In a complex the coordination number of the metal ion is the number of donor atoms to which it is bonded. (Sections 12.37 and 24.2)

  • Diastereotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that are bonded to an atom that is bonded to two nonidentical groups, one of which contains a chiral center. When one of the atoms or groups is replaced by another group, a new chiral center is created and a set of diastereomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of 2-butanol, for example, are diastereotopic. Diastereotopic groups have different chemical shifts under all conditions

  • dispersion forces

    Intermolecular forces resulting from attractions between induced dipoles. Also called London dispersion forces. (Section 11.2)

  • endothermic process

    A process in which a system absorbs heat from its surroundings. (Section 5.2)

  • haloform reaction

    A reaction in which a methyl ketone is converted into a carboxylic acid upon treatment with excess base and excess halogen, followed by aqueous acid.

  • Halohydrin

    A compound containing a halogen atom and a hydroxyl group on adjacent carbons; those containing Br and OH are bromohydrins, and those containing Cl and OH are chlorohydrins.

  • hydrophilic

    Water attracting. The term is often used to describe a type of colloid. (Section 13.6)

  • ionizing radiation

    Radiation that has sufficient energy to remove an electron from a molecule, thereby ionizing it. (Section 21.9)

  • Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)

    Plasma particles, density 1.02–1.06 g/mL, consisting of approximately 26% proteins, 50% cholesterol, 21% phospholipids, and 4% triglycerides.

  • mass-to-charge ratio(m/z)

    Thedetermining factor by which ions are separatedfrom each other in mass spectrometry.

  • Optically active

    Refers to a compound that rotates the plane of plane-polarized light

  • ortho-para director

    A group that directs the regiochemistry of an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction such that the incoming electrophile is installed at the ortho or para positions.

  • polarizability

    The ability of an atom or molecule to distribute its electron density unevenly in response to external influences.

  • Radical inhibitor

    A compound such as a phenol that selectively reacts with radicals to remove them from a chain reaction and terminate the chain

  • rate law

    An equation that relates the reaction rate to the concentrations of reactants (and sometimes of products also). (Section 14.3)

  • spin magnetic quantum number 1ms2

    A quantum number associated with the electron spin; it may have values of +12 or -12. (Section 6.7)

  • Staggered conformation

    A conformation about a carbon-carbon single bond in which the atoms or groups on one carbon are as far apart as possible from atoms or groups on an adjacent carbon.

  • Tesla (T)

    The SI unit for magnetic fi eld strength.

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