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Solutions for Chapter 16: Chemistry 8th Edition

Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780547125329 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780547125329

Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780547125329 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 16

Solutions for Chapter 16
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Textbook: Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9780547125329

Since 118 problems in chapter 16 have been answered, more than 126625 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 16 includes 118 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547125329. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry, edition: 8.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Aliphatic amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded only to alkyl groups.

  • axis of symmetry

    An axis about which a compound possesses rotational symmetry.

  • chelating agent

    A polydentate ligand that is capable of occupying two or more sites in the coordination sphere. (Section 23.3)

  • coordination number.

    In a crystal lattice it is defined as the number of atoms (or ions) surrounding an atom (or ion) (11.4). In coordination compounds it is defined as the number of donor atoms surrounding the central metal atom in a complex. (23.3)

  • Correlation tables

    Tables of data on absorption patterns of functional groups.

  • Deactivating group

    Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be lower than that for benzene.

  • electron capture

    A mode of radioactive decay in which an inner-shell orbital electron is captured by the nucleus. (Section 21.1)

  • Enantiotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.

  • Energy diagram

    A graph showing the changes in energy that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis, and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis. Also called a reaction coordinate diagram

  • Hofmann elimination

    A reaction in which an amino group is treated with excess methyl iodide, thereby converting it into an excellent leaving group, followed by treatment with a strong base to give an E2 reaction that yields an alkene.

  • molecular solids

    Solids that are composed of molecules. (Sections 12.1 and 12.6)

  • overall reaction order

    The sum of the reaction orders of all the reactants appearing in the rate expression when the rate can be expressed as rate = k3A4a 3B4b... . (Section 14.3)

  • percent ionization

    The percent of a substance that undergoes ionization on dissolution in water. The term applies to solutions of weak acids and bases. (Section 16.6)

  • Phasing

    The sign of the wave function at particular coordinates in space, either plus or minus. Phasing is often represented by colors, such as red or blue

  • Phospholipid

    A lipid containing glycerol esterifi ed with two molecules of fatty acid and one molecule of phosphoric acid.

  • polar reaction

    A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.

  • rate-determining step

    The sloweststep in a multistep reaction which determines the rate of the reaction.

  • resonance structures

    A series of structures that are melded together (conceptually) to circumvent the inadequacies of bond-line drawings.

  • Soap

    A sodium or potassium salt of a fatty acid

  • thermosetting resins

    Highly crosslinked polymers that are generally very hard and insoluble.

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