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Solutions for Chapter 18: Chemistry 8th Edition

Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780547125329 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780547125329

Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780547125329 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 18

Solutions for Chapter 18
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Textbook: Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9780547125329

Since 154 problems in chapter 18 have been answered, more than 243406 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 18 includes 154 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547125329. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry, edition: 8.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Alkaloid

    A basic nitrogen-containing compound of plant origin, many of which are physiologically active when administered to humans.

  • Axial bond

    A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring parallel to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly perpendicular to the equator of the ring.

  • bond dipole

    The dipole moment that is due to unequal electron sharing between two atoms in a covalent bond. (Section 9.3)

  • Codon

    A triplet of nucleotides on mRNA that directs incorporation of a specifi c amino acid into a polypeptide sequence.

  • Dihedral angle

    The angle created by two intersecting planes.

  • Downfield

    A signal of an NMR spectrum that is shifted toward the left (larger chemical shift) on the chart paper.

  • electrocyclic reaction

    A pericyclic process in which a conjugated polyene undergoes cyclization. In the process, one p bond is converted into a s bond, while the remaining p bonds all change their location. The newly formed s bond joins the ends of the original p system,thereby creating a ring.

  • electrolysis reaction

    A reaction in which a nonspontaneous redox reaction is brought about by the passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. The devices in which electrolysis reactions occur are called electrolytic cells. (Section 20.9)

  • Enamine

    An unsaturated compound derived by the reaction of an aldehyde or ketone and a secondary amine followed by loss of H2O; R2C"CR!NR2

  • Estrogen

    A steroid hormone, such as estrone and estradiol, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics in females.

  • Frost circle

    A graphic method for determining the relative energies of p MOs for planar, fully conjugated, monocyclic compounds.

  • Ka

    A measure of the strength of an acid: Ka = Keq 3H2O4 = 3H3O+ 4 3A- 4 3HA4

  • mass number

    The sum of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of a particular atom. (Section 2.3)

  • mole fraction

    The ratio of the number of moles of one component of a mixture to the total moles of all components; abbreviated X, with a subscript to identify the component. (Section 10.6)

  • N-glycoside

    The product obtained when a monosaccharide is treated with an amine in the presence of an acid catalyst.

  • polar covalent bond

    A covalent bond in which the electrons are not shared equally. (Section 8.4)

  • rate-determining step

    The slowest elementary step in a reaction mechanism. (Section 14.6)

  • secondary structure

    The manner in which a protein is coiled or stretched. (Section 24.7)

  • terpenes

    A diverse class of naturally occurring compounds that can be thought of as being assembled from isoprene units, each of which contains five carbon atoms.

  • Thermochemistry

    The study of the energy of chemical structures.