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Solutions for Chapter 1: Chemical Foundations

Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780618528448 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780618528448

Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780618528448 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 1: Chemical Foundations

Solutions for Chapter 1
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Textbook: Chemistry
Edition: 7
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9780618528448

Chapter 1: Chemical Foundations includes 94 full step-by-step solutions. Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780618528448. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 94 problems in chapter 1: Chemical Foundations have been answered, more than 51911 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry, edition: 7.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activated complex (transition state)

    The particular arrangement of atoms found at the top of the potential-energy barrier as a reaction proceeds from reactants to products. (Section 14.5)

  • aldol addition reaction

    A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.

  • Alkene metathesis

    A reaction in which two alkenes interchange the carbons attached to their double bonds.

  • Celsius scale

    A temperature scale on which water freezes at 0° and boils at 100° at sea level. (Section 1.4)

  • chemical energy.

    Energy stored within the structural units of chemical substances. (6.1)

  • chemical reaction.

    A process in which a substance (or substances) is changed into one or more new substances. (3.7)

  • density.

    The mass of a substance divided by its volume. (1.6)

  • doublet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of two peaks.

  • Henderson-Hasselbalch equation

    An equation that is often employed to calculate the pH of buffered solutions: pH = pKa + log 3conjugated base4 3acid4

  • hydration

    Solvation when the solvent is water. (Section 13.1)

  • Hydrophobic effect

    The tendency of nonpolar groups to cluster so as to shield them from contact with an aqueous environment.

  • magnetic moment

    A magneticfield generated by a spinning proton.

  • Newman projection

    A way to view a molecule by looking along a carbon-carbon single bond

  • Plane-polarized light

    Light oscillating in only parallel planes.

  • Primary (1°) amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to one carbon and two hydrogens

  • Shielding in NMR

    Also called diamagnetic shielding; the term refers to the reduction in magnetic fi eld strength experienced by a nucleus underneath electron density induced to circulate when the molecule is placed in a strong magnetic fi eld.

  • Telechelic polymer

    A polymer in which its growing chains are terminated by formation of new functional groups at both ends of its chains. These new functional groups are introduced by adding reagents, such as CO2 or ethylene oxide, to the growing chains.

  • tertiary structure

    The threedimensional shape of a protein.

  • Triol

    A compound containing three hydroxyl groups.

  • weak deactivators

    Groups that weakly deactivate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby decreasing the rate of the reaction.

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