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Solutions for Chapter 11: Properties of Solutions

Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780618528448 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780618528448

Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780618528448 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 11: Properties of Solutions

Solutions for Chapter 11
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Textbook: Chemistry
Edition: 7
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9780618528448

Chapter 11: Properties of Solutions includes 103 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry, edition: 7. Since 103 problems in chapter 11: Properties of Solutions have been answered, more than 49360 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780618528448.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkyl group

    A substituent lacking p bonds and comprised of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.

  • Base peak

    The peak caused by the most abundant ion in a mass spectrum; the most intense peak. It is assigned an arbitrary intensity of 100

  • colloids (colloidal dispersions)

    Mixtures containing particles larger than normal solutes but small enough to remain suspended in the dispersing medium. (Section 13.6)

  • eicosanoids

    A class of lipids which includes leukotrienes, prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and prostacyclins.

  • electron shell

    A collection of orbitals that have the same value of n. For example, the orbitals with n = 3 (the 3s, 3p, and 3d orbitals) comprise the third shell. (Section 6.5)

  • empirical formula

    A chemical formula that shows the kinds of atoms and their relative numbers in a substance in the smallest possible whole-number ratios. (Section 2.6)

  • Enthalpy change, DH

    The difference in total bond strengths and solvation between various points under comparison on a reaction coordinate diagram

  • formation constant

    For a metal ion complex, the equilibrium constant for formation of the complex from the metal ion and base species present in solution. It is a measure of the tendency of the complex to form. (Section 17.5)

  • group

    Elements that are in the same column of the periodic table; elements within the same group or family exhibit similarities in their chemical behavior. (Section 2.5)

  • hard water

    Water that contains appreciable concentrations of Ca2 + and Mg 2 + ; these ions react with soaps to form an insoluble material. (Section 18.4)

  • Hybrid orbital

    An orbital formed by the combination of two or more atomic orbitals.

  • hydroboration-oxidation

    A twostep process that achieves an anti-Markovnikov addition of a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.

  • hydrogen bonding

    A special type of dipole-dipole interaction that occurs between an electronegative atom and a hydrogen atom that is connected to another electronegative atom.

  • joule (J)

    The SI unit of energy, 1 kg@m2 >s2. A related unit is the calorie: 4.184 J = 1 cal. (Section 5.1)

  • Le Châtelier’s principle

    A principle stating that when we disturb a system at chemical equilibrium, the relative concentrations of reactants and

  • levorotatory

    A compound thatrotates plane-polarized light in a counterclockwisedirection (-).

  • molecular formula

    A chemical formula that indicates the actual number of atoms of each element in one molecule of a substance. (Section 2.6)

  • Newman projection

    A drawing style that is designed to show the conformation of a molecule.

  • photodissociation

    The breaking of a molecule into two or more neutral fragments as a result of absorption of light. (Section 18.2)

  • Sanger dideoxy method

    A method developed by Frederick Sanger for sequencing DNA molecules

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