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Solutions for Chapter 5: General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications 10th Edition

General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications | 10th Edition | ISBN: 9780132064521 | Authors: Ralph Petrucci

Full solutions for General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications | 10th Edition

ISBN: 9780132064521

General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications | 10th Edition | ISBN: 9780132064521 | Authors: Ralph Petrucci

Solutions for Chapter 5

Solutions for Chapter 5
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Textbook: General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications
Edition: 10
Author: Ralph Petrucci
ISBN: 9780132064521

Since 116 problems in chapter 5 have been answered, more than 47452 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications, edition: 10. General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780132064521. Chapter 5 includes 116 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid-dissociation constant (Ka)

    An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which an acid transfers a proton to solvent water. (Section 16.6)

  • Alkaloid

    A basic nitrogen-containing compound of plant origin, many of which are physiologically active when administered to humans.

  • bond length.

    The distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. (9.4)

  • chemical equation

    A representation of a chemical reaction using the chemical formulas of the reactants and products; a balanced chemical equation contains equal numbers of atoms of each element on both sides of the equation. (Section 3.1)

  • common ion effect.

    The shift in equilibrium caused by the addition of a compound having an ion in common with the dissolved substances. (16.2)

  • conjugate base

    A substance formed by the loss of a proton from a Brønsted–Lowry acid. (Section 16.2)

  • curved arrows

    Tools that are used for drawing resonance structures and for showing the flow of electron density during each step of a reaction mechanism.

  • double helix

    The structure for DNA that involves the winding of two DNA polynucleotide chains together in a helical arrangement. The two strands of the double helix are complementary in that the organic bases on the two strands are paired for optimal hydrogen bond interaction. (Section 24.10)

  • enzyme

    A protein molecule that acts to catalyze specific biochemical reactions. (Section 14.7)

  • ferromagnetism

    A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins align parallel to one another. (Section 23.1)

  • high-spin complex

    A complex whose electrons populate the d orbitals to give the maximum number of unpaired electrons. (Section 23.6)

  • hybrid orbital

    An orbital that results from the mixing of different kinds of atomic orbitals on the same atom. For example, an sp3 hybrid results from the mixing, or hybridizing, of one s orbital and three p orbitals. (Section 9.5)

  • metric system

    A system of measurement used in science and in most countries. The meter and the gram are examples of metric units. (Section 1.4)

  • nucleophilic attack

    One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.

  • polar covalent bond

    A bond in which the difference in electronegative values of the two atoms is between 0.5 and 1.7.

  • radioactive decay chain

    A series of nuclear reactions that begins with an unstable nucleus and terminates with a stable one. Also called nuclear disintegration series. (Section 21.2)

  • Reaction coordinate diagram

    A graph showing the energy changes that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis.

  • redox (oxidation–reduction) reaction

    A reaction in which certain atoms undergo changes in oxidation states. The substance increasing in oxidation state is oxidized; the substance decreasing in oxidation state is reduced. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)

  • Regioselective reaction

    An addition or substitution reaction in which one of two or more possible products is formed in preference to all others that might be formed.

  • Shielding in NMR

    Also called diamagnetic shielding; the term refers to the reduction in magnetic fi eld strength experienced by a nucleus underneath electron density induced to circulate when the molecule is placed in a strong magnetic fi eld.

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