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Solutions for Chapter 12: General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications 10th Edition

General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications | 10th Edition | ISBN: 9780132064521 | Authors: Ralph Petrucci

Full solutions for General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications | 10th Edition

ISBN: 9780132064521

General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications | 10th Edition | ISBN: 9780132064521 | Authors: Ralph Petrucci

Solutions for Chapter 12

Solutions for Chapter 12
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Textbook: General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications
Edition: 10
Author: Ralph Petrucci
ISBN: 9780132064521

General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780132064521. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 12 includes 147 full step-by-step solutions. Since 147 problems in chapter 12 have been answered, more than 50509 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications, edition: 10.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • antioxidants

    Radical scavengers that prevent autooxidation by preventing radical chain reactions from beginning.

  • asymmetric hydrogenation

    The addition of H2 across only one face of a p bond.

  • Aufbau principle.

    As protons are added one by one to the nucleus to build up the elements, electrons similarly are added to the atomic orbitals. (7.9)

  • beta particles.

    See beta rays.

  • calorimeter

    An apparatus that measures the heat released or absorbed in a chemical or physical process. (Section 5.5)

  • density

    The ratio of an object’s mass to its volume. (Section 1.4)

  • Disproportionation

    A termination process that involves the abstraction of a hydrogen atom from the beta position of the propagating radical of one chain by the radical endgroup of another chain.

  • graft copolymer

    A polymer that contains sections of one homopolymer that have been grafted onto a chain of the other homopolymer.

  • Ground-state electron confi guration

    The lowest-energy electron confi guration for an atom or molecule.

  • Haloalkane (alkyl halide)

    A compound containing a halogen atom covalently bonded to an sp3 -hybridized carbon atom. Given the symbol R!X.

  • homogeneous catalyst

    A catalyst that is in the same phase as the reactant substances. (Section 14.7)

  • Hydrophilic

    From the Greek, meaning water-loving.

  • Imide

    A functional group in which two acyl groups, RCO! or ArCO!, are bonded to a nitrogen atom

  • Lewis dot structure

    The symbol of an element surrounded by a number of dots equal to the number of electrons in the valence shell of the atom

  • low-spin complex

    A metal complex in which the electrons are paired in lower-energy orbitals. (Section 23.6)

  • mass spectrometer

    A device inwhich a compound is first vaporized and convertedinto ions, which are then separated anddetected.

  • Photodynamic therapy

    Biological damage caused by photosensitizers, light, and oxygen, used to kill tumor and other cells.

  • rare earth element

    See lanthanide element. (Sections 6.8 and 6.9)

  • sigma 1S2 molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital that centers the electron density about an imaginary line passing through two nuclei. (Section 9.7)

  • stereoselective

    A reaction in which one substrate produces two stereoisomers in unequal amounts.

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