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Solutions for Chapter 14: General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications 10th Edition

General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications | 10th Edition | ISBN: 9780132064521 | Authors: Ralph Petrucci

Full solutions for General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications | 10th Edition

ISBN: 9780132064521

General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications | 10th Edition | ISBN: 9780132064521 | Authors: Ralph Petrucci

Solutions for Chapter 14

Solutions for Chapter 14
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Textbook: General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications
Edition: 10
Author: Ralph Petrucci
ISBN: 9780132064521

Chapter 14 includes 116 full step-by-step solutions. Since 116 problems in chapter 14 have been answered, more than 44090 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780132064521. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications, edition: 10. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkaline earth metals

    Members of group 2A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)

  • alpha (a) amino acid

    A compound containing a carboxylic acid group (COOH) as well as an amino group (NH2), both of which are attached to the same carbon atom.

  • angle strain

    The increase in energy associated with a bond angle that has deviated from the preferred angle of 109.5°.

  • autoionization

    The process whereby water spontaneously forms low concentrations of H+1aq2 and OH-1aq2 ions by proton transfer from one water molecule to another. (Section 16.3)

  • chemically equivalent

    In NMR spectroscopy, protons (or carbon atoms) that occupy identical electronic environments and produce only one signal.

  • coplanar

    Atoms that lie in the same plane.

  • copolymer

    A polymer that is constructed from more than one repeating unit.

  • crystalline solid.

    A solid that possesses rigid and long-range order; its atoms, molecules, or ions occupy specific positions. (11.4)

  • diatomic molecule.

    A molecule that consists of two atoms. (2.5)

  • Eclipsed conformation

    A conformation about a carboncarbon single bond in which the atoms or groups on one carbon are as close as possible to the atoms or groups on an adjacent carbon.

  • Electrophilic aromatic substitution

    A reaction in which there is substitution of an electrophile, E1, for a hydrogen on an aromatic ring

  • halogenation

    A reaction that involves the addition of X2 (either Br2 or Cl2) across an alkene.

  • Homotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give an achiral molecule when one of the groups is replaced by another group. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of propane, for example, are homotopic. Replacing either one of them with deuterium gives 2-deuteropropane, which is achiral. Homotopic groups have identical chemical shifts under all conditions

  • Infrared (IR) spectroscopy

    A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.

  • Markovnikov addition

    In additionreactions, the observation that the hydrogen atomis generally placed at the vinylic position alreadybearing the larger number of hydrogen atoms.

  • Radical

    Any chemical species that contains one or more unpaired electrons.

  • Robinson annulation

    The combination of a Michael addition followed by an aldol condensation to form a ring.

  • S (Section 3.3

    From the Latin, sinister, left; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is counterclockwise

  • staggered conformation

    A conformation in which nearby groups in a Newman projection have a dihedral angle of 60°.

  • Tollens’ reagent

    A solution prepared by dissolving Ag2O in aqueous ammonia; used for selective oxidation of an aldehyde to a carboxylic acid.

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