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Solutions for Chapter 20: General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications 10th Edition

General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications | 10th Edition | ISBN: 9780132064521 | Authors: Ralph Petrucci

Full solutions for General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications | 10th Edition

ISBN: 9780132064521

General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications | 10th Edition | ISBN: 9780132064521 | Authors: Ralph Petrucci

Solutions for Chapter 20

Solutions for Chapter 20
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Textbook: General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications
Edition: 10
Author: Ralph Petrucci
ISBN: 9780132064521

Chapter 20 includes 125 full step-by-step solutions. General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780132064521. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications, edition: 10. Since 125 problems in chapter 20 have been answered, more than 52348 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acidic anhydride (acidic oxide)

    An oxide that forms an acid when added to water; soluble nonmetal oxides are acidic anhydrides. (Section 22.5)

  • alkyl halide

    An organic compound containing at least one halogen.

  • cohesion.

    The intermolecular attraction between like molecules. (11.3)

  • conduction band

    A band of molecular orbitals lying higher in energy than the occupied valence band and distinctly separated from it. (Section 12.7)

  • Cyanohydrin

    A molecule containing an !OH group and a !CN group bonded to the same carbon.

  • dipole moment (m)

    The amount of partial charge (d ) on either end of a dipole multiplied by the distance of separation (d): m=d × d

  • Exergonic reaction

    A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is lower than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an exergonic reaction favors products.

  • first law of thermodynamics

    A statement that energy is conserved in any process. One way to express the law is that the change in internal energy, ?E, of a system in any process is equal to the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)

  • ground state

    The lowest-energy, or most stable, state. (Section 6.3)

  • halogenation

    A reaction that involves the addition of X2 (either Br2 or Cl2) across an alkene.

  • isolated diene

    A compound containing two carbon-carbon p bonds that are separated by two or more s bonds.

  • lanthanide (rare earth) element

    Element in which the 4f subshell is only partially occupied. (Sections 6.8 and 6.9)

  • net ionic equation

    A chemical equation for a solution reaction in which soluble strong electrolytes are written as ions and spectator ions are omitted. (Section 4.2)

  • Phospholipid

    A lipid containing glycerol esterifi ed with two molecules of fatty acid and one molecule of phosphoric acid.

  • Polyunsaturated fatty acid

    A fatty acid with two or more carbon-carbon double bonds in its hydrocarbon chain

  • solid

    Matter that has both a definite shape and a definite volume. (Section 1.2)

  • strong activators

    Groups that strongly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly enhancing the rate of the reaction.

  • torsional strain

    The difference in energy between staggered and eclipsed conformations (for example, in ethane).

  • triglyceride

    A triester formed from glycerol and three long-chain carboxylic acids.

  • unimolecular

    For mechanisms, astep that involves only one chemical entity.

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