- Chapter 10: Spontaneity, Entropy, and Free Energy
- Chapter 11: Electrochemistry
- Chapter 12: Quantum Mechanics and Atomic Theory
- Chapter 13: General Concepts
- Chapter 14: Orbitals
- Chapter 15: Chemical Kinetics
- Chapter 16: Liquids and Solids
- Chapter 17: Properties of Solutions
- Chapter 18: The Representative Elements
- Chapter 19: Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry
- Chapter 2: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
- Chapter 20: The Nucleus: A Chemists View
- Chapter 21: Organic and Biochemical Molecules
- Chapter 3: Stoichiometry
- Chapter 4: Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry
- Chapter 5: Gases
- Chapter 6: Chemical Equilibrium
- Chapter 7: Acids and Bases
- Chapter 8: Applications of Aqueous Equilibria
- Chapter 9: Energy, Enthalpy, and Thermochemistry
Chemical Principles 8th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemical Principles | 8th Edition
Hormones that are secreted by the cortex (the outer layer) of the adrenal glands. Adrenocortical hormones are typically characterized by a carbonyl group or hydroxyl group at C11 of the steroid skeleton.
alkaline earth metals.
The Group 2A elements (Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, and Ra). (2.4)
alpha (a) position
The position immediately adjacent to a functional group.
A polymer with completely random confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, atactic polypropylene
A rule that determines the order in which orbitals are filled by electrons. Specifically, the lowest energy orbital is filled first.
basic oxide (basic anhydride)
An oxide that either reacts with water to form a base or reacts with an acid to form a salt and water. (Section 22.5)
Carboxyl group (Section 1.3D)
A !COOH group.
Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter
Similarities between pairs of elements in different groups and periods of the periodic table. (8.6)
A procedure for preparing a less concentrated solution from a more concentrated solution. (4.5)
elimination (of radicals)
In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.
Phosphoglycerides thatcontain choline.
Radiation that does not have sufficient energy to remove an electron from a molecule. (Section 21.9)
The smallest increment (a quantum) of radiant energy; a photon of light with frequency n has an energy equal to hn. (Section 6.2)
A biopolymer formed from amino acids. (Section 24.7)
A solvent that is a hydrogen-bond donor. Common protic solvents are water, low-molecular-weight alcohols, and low-molecular weight carboxylic acids.
A reaction in which one stereoisomer is formed in preference to all others. A stereoselective reaction may be enantioselective or diastereoselective, as the case may be.
A compound containingone or more p bonds.
Valence-shell electron-pair repulsion (VSEPR)
A method for predicting bond angles based on the idea that electron pairs repel each other and keep as far apart as possible.
A term used to describe two identical groups attached to adjacent carbon atoms.
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