- Chapter 10: Spontaneity, Entropy, and Free Energy
- Chapter 11: Electrochemistry
- Chapter 12: Quantum Mechanics and Atomic Theory
- Chapter 13: General Concepts
- Chapter 14: Orbitals
- Chapter 15: Chemical Kinetics
- Chapter 16: Liquids and Solids
- Chapter 17: Properties of Solutions
- Chapter 18: The Representative Elements
- Chapter 19: Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry
- Chapter 2: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
- Chapter 20: The Nucleus: A Chemists View
- Chapter 21: Organic and Biochemical Molecules
- Chapter 3: Stoichiometry
- Chapter 4: Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry
- Chapter 5: Gases
- Chapter 6: Chemical Equilibrium
- Chapter 7: Acids and Bases
- Chapter 8: Applications of Aqueous Equilibria
- Chapter 9: Energy, Enthalpy, and Thermochemistry
Chemical Principles 8th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemical Principles | 8th Edition
The production of chlorine gas by the electrolysis of aqueous NaCl solution. (22.6)
Confi gurational isomers
Isomers that differ by the confi guration of substituents on an atom. Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter
A compound containing a double bond (consisting of one or two C, N, or O atoms) that can react with a conjugated diene to give a Diels-Alder adduct.
A method of problem solving in which units are carried through all calculations. Dimensional analysis ensures that the final answer of a calculation has the desired units. (Section 1.6)
Energy added or released when an electron is added to an atom or molecule.
A term associatedwith the probability of finding an electron in aparticular region of space.
A graph showing the changes in energy that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis, and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis. Also called a reaction coordinate diagram
The tendency of nonpolar groups to cluster so as to shield them from contact with an aqueous environment.
In 1H NMR spectroscopy, the area under a signal indicates the number of protons giving rise to the signal.
A compound that possesses chirality centers and an internal plane of symmetry.
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
A ribonucleic acid that carries coded genetic information from DNA to the ribosomes for the synthesis of proteins
An intermediate that is believed to be formed during Wittig reactions.
A reaction that takes place in a single step, without intermediates, and involves a cyclic redistribution of bonding electrons
The negative log in base 10 of the aquated hydrogen ion concentration: pH = -log3H+4. (Section 16.4)
The smallest increment (a quantum) of radiant energy; a photon of light with frequency n has an energy equal to hn. (Section 6.2)
A polymer in which each monomer unit is joined to the next by an ester bond, as, for example, poly(ethylene terephthalate).
A substance produced in a chemical reaction; it appears to the right of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)
A six-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.
A reaction in which the configuration of the product is dependent on the configuration of the starting material.
A reaction for which the ratio of products is determined solely by the distribution of energy among the products.