- Chapter 10: Spontaneity, Entropy, and Free Energy
- Chapter 11: Electrochemistry
- Chapter 12: Quantum Mechanics and Atomic Theory
- Chapter 13: General Concepts
- Chapter 14: Orbitals
- Chapter 15: Chemical Kinetics
- Chapter 16: Liquids and Solids
- Chapter 17: Properties of Solutions
- Chapter 18: The Representative Elements
- Chapter 19: Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry
- Chapter 2: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
- Chapter 20: The Nucleus: A Chemists View
- Chapter 21: Organic and Biochemical Molecules
- Chapter 3: Stoichiometry
- Chapter 4: Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry
- Chapter 5: Gases
- Chapter 6: Chemical Equilibrium
- Chapter 7: Acids and Bases
- Chapter 8: Applications of Aqueous Equilibria
- Chapter 9: Energy, Enthalpy, and Thermochemistry
Chemical Principles 8th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemical Principles | 8th Edition
A functional group characterized by two alkoxy (OR) groups connected to the same carbon atom.Acetals can be used as protecting groups for aldehydes or ketones.
A compound that possesses a hydroxyl group (OH).
antibonding molecular orbital.
A molecular orbital that is of higher energy and lower stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)
A proton donor
An apparatus that measures the heat released or absorbed in a chemical or physical process. (Section 5.5)
A temperature scale on which water freezes at 0° and boils at 100° at sea level. (Section 1.4)
The spreading of a charge or lone pair as described by resonance theory.
The mass of a substance divided by its volume. (1.6)
The process of separating compounds on the basis of their electric charge
enthalpy of reaction
The enthalpy change associated with a chemical reaction. (Section 5.4)
Vibrations in the region 1500 to 400 cm21 of an IR spectrum are complex and diffi cult to analyze but are characteristic for different molecules.
The mass of the collection of atoms represented by a chemical formula. For example, the formula weight of NO2 (46.0 amu) is the sum of the masses of one nitrogen atom and two oxygen atoms. (Section 3.3)
Fourier transform NMR (FT-NMR)
The modern NMR method that is based on a constant magnetic fi eld, a short pulse of electromagnetic radiation, and a mathematical Fourier transform to produce the spectrum
A method forpreparing primary amines that avoids formation of secondary and tertiary amines.
A compound containing a CRN bond.
Molecular dipole moment (m)
The vector sum of individual bond dipoles.
Lipids that contain 20 carbon atoms and are characterized by a five-membered ring with two side chains.
A compound such as a phenol that selectively reacts with radicals to remove them from a chain reaction and terminate the chain
In NMR spectroscopy,protons or carbon atoms whose surrounding electron density is rich.
A solution to a set of equations that defi nes the energy of an electron in an atom and the region of space it may occupy.