- Chapter 10: Spontaneity, Entropy, and Free Energy
- Chapter 11: Electrochemistry
- Chapter 12: Quantum Mechanics and Atomic Theory
- Chapter 13: General Concepts
- Chapter 14: Orbitals
- Chapter 15: Chemical Kinetics
- Chapter 16: Liquids and Solids
- Chapter 17: Properties of Solutions
- Chapter 18: The Representative Elements
- Chapter 19: Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry
- Chapter 2: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
- Chapter 20: The Nucleus: A Chemists View
- Chapter 21: Organic and Biochemical Molecules
- Chapter 3: Stoichiometry
- Chapter 4: Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry
- Chapter 5: Gases
- Chapter 6: Chemical Equilibrium
- Chapter 7: Acids and Bases
- Chapter 8: Applications of Aqueous Equilibria
- Chapter 9: Energy, Enthalpy, and Thermochemistry
Chemical Principles 8th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemical Principles | 8th Edition
The conjugate base of an alcohol.
A radical reaction that achieves installation of a bromine atom at an allylic position.
The C1 position of the cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose or the C2 position of the cyclic hemiacetal of a ketose.
Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using Zn(Hg) and HCl
Properties of solutions that depend on the number of solute particles in solution and not on the nature of the solute particles. (12.6)
coupling (of protons)
A phenomenon observed most commonly for nonequivalent protons connected to adjacent carbon atoms in which the multiplicity of each signal is affected by the other.
The structure for DNA that involves the winding of two DNA polynucleotide chains together in a helical arrangement. The two strands of the double helix are complementary in that the organic bases on the two strands are paired for optimal hydrogen bond interaction. (Section 24.10)
A cyclic ether containing a three-membered ring system. Also called an oxirane (also see Sect. 14.7).
A reaction in which a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) are added across a p bond.
A type of isomerism involving keto (from ketone) and enol tautomers
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
Plasma particles, density 1.02–1.06 g/mL, consisting of approximately 26% proteins, 50% cholesterol, 21% phospholipids, and 4% triglycerides.
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that involves the installation of a nitro group (NO2) on an aromatic ring.
A substance that does not ionize in water and consequently gives a nonconducting solution. (Section 4.1)
The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.
A material that can be formed into particular shapes by application of heat and pressure. (Section 12.8)
The structure of a protein resulting from the clustering of several individual protein chains into a final specific shape. (Section 24.7)
A carbohydrate that is oxidized upon treatment with Tollens’ reagent, Fehling’s reagent, or Benedict’s reagent.
solubility-product constant (solubility product)1Ksp2
An equilibrium constant related to the equilibrium between a solid salt and its ions in solution. It provides a quantitative measure of the solubility of a slightly soluble salt. (Section 17.4)
The highest energy point on a reaction coordinate diagram. The chemical structure at this point is commonly called an activated complex.
Rules for predicting the wavelength of maximum absorption for a compound with extended conjugation.