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Solutions for Chapter 2: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemical Principles | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9781305581982

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 2: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions

Solutions for Chapter 2
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Textbook: Chemical Principles
Edition: 8
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781305581982

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 95 problems in chapter 2: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions have been answered, more than 37119 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chemical Principles was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781305581982. Chapter 2: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions includes 95 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemical Principles, edition: 8.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • a-Hydrogen

    A hydrogen on a carbon alpha to a carbonyl group.

  • amphoteric

    Compounds that will react with either acids or bases. Amino acids are amphoteric.

  • Anti stereoselectivity

    The addition of atoms or groups of atoms to opposite faces of a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • carbon black

    A microcrystalline form of carbon. (Section 22.9)

  • Cation

    An atom or group of atoms bearing a positive charge.

  • common ion effect.

    The shift in equilibrium caused by the addition of a compound having an ion in common with the dissolved substances. (16.2)

  • dextrorotatory, or merely dextro or d

    A term used to label a chiral molecule that rotates the plane of polarization of plane-polarized light to the right (clockwise). (Section 23.4)

  • extensive property

    A property that depends on the amount of material considered; for example, mass or volume. (Section 1.3)

  • Frequency

    The number of full cycles of a wave that pass a given point in a second, and reported in hertz (Hz), which has the units s21

  • Glass transition temperature (TG)

    The temperature at which a polymer undergoes the transition from a hard glass to a rubbery state

  • ionic solids

    Solids that are composed of ions. (Section 12.1)

  • keto-enol tautomerization

    The equilibrium that is established between an enol and a ketone in either acid-catalyzed or basecatalyzed conditions.

  • metallic character

    The extent to which an element exhibits the physical and chemical properties characteristic of metals, for example, luster, malleability, ductility, and good thermal and electrical conductivity. (Section 7.6)

  • Molecular orbital (MO) theory

    A theory of chemical bonding in which electrons in molecules occupy molecular orbitals that extend over the entire molecule and are formed by the combination of the atomic orbitals that make up the molecule

  • peroxides

    Compounds with the general structure R!O!O!R.

  • polarizability

    The ability of an atom or molecule to distribute its electron density unevenly in response to external influences.

  • primary alkyl halide

    An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to only one alkyl group.

  • Quaternary (4°) ammonium ion

    An ion in which nitrogen is bonded to four carbons and bears a positive charge

  • reaction rate

    A measure of the decrease in concentration of a reactant or the increase in concentration of a product with time. (Section 14.2)

  • Steric strain

    The strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by four or more bonds are forced closer to each other than their atomic (contact) radii would allow. Steric strain is also called non-bonded interaction strain, or van der Waals strain.

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