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Solutions for Chapter 4: Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemical Principles | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9781305581982

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 4: Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry

Solutions for Chapter 4
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Textbook: Chemical Principles
Edition: 8
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781305581982

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemical Principles was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781305581982. Chapter 4: Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry includes 137 full step-by-step solutions. Since 137 problems in chapter 4: Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry have been answered, more than 37415 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemical Principles, edition: 8.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • a-Helix

    A type of secondary structure in which a section of polypeptide chain coils into a spiral, most commonly a right-handed spiral.

  • actual yield.

    The amount of product actually obtained in a reaction. (3.10)

  • allylic bromination

    A radical reaction that achieves installation of a bromine atom at an allylic position.

  • alpha 1A2 helix

    A protein structure in which the protein is coiled in the form of a helix with hydrogen bonds between C “O and N ¬H groups on adjacent turns. (Section 24.7)

  • bonding MO

    A low-energy molecular orbital resulting from the constructive interference between atomic orbitals.

  • coordination number.

    In a crystal lattice it is defined as the number of atoms (or ions) surrounding an atom (or ion) (11.4). In coordination compounds it is defined as the number of donor atoms surrounding the central metal atom in a complex. (23.3)

  • covalent bond

    A bond that results when two atoms share a pair of electrons.

  • degenerate orbitals

    Orbitals that have the same energy.

  • dihydroxylation

    A reaction characterized by the addition of two hydroxyl groups (OH) across an alkene.

  • Disulfide

    A molecule containing an !S!S! group

  • energy of activation

    In an energy diagram, the height of the energy barrier (the hump) between the reactants and the products.

  • First ionization potential

    The energy needed to remove the most loosely held electron from an atom or molecule.

  • Hund’s rule

    When considering electrons in atomic orbitals, a rule that states that one electron is placed in each degenerate orbital first, before electrons are paired up.

  • isomers

    Compounds whose molecules have the same overall composition but different structures. (Sections 2.9 and 23.4)

  • Photons

    An alternative way to describe electromagnetic radiation as a stream of particles

  • Polarimeter

    An instrument for measuring the ability of a compound to rotate the plane of plane-polarized light.

  • spin magnetic quantum number 1ms2

    A quantum number associated with the electron spin; it may have values of +12 or -12. (Section 6.7)

  • Steroid

    A plant or animal lipid having the characteristic tetracyclic ring structure of the steroid nucleus, namely three sixmembered rings and one fi ve-membered ring.

  • sulfone

    A compound that contains a sulfur atom that has double bonds with two oxygen atoms and is flanked on both sides by R groups.

  • unsymmetrical ether

    An ether(R!O!R) where the two R groups are notidentical.

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