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Solutions for Chapter 9: Energy, Enthalpy, and Thermochemistry

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemical Principles | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9781305581982

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 9: Energy, Enthalpy, and Thermochemistry

Solutions for Chapter 9
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Textbook: Chemical Principles
Edition: 8
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781305581982

Since 127 problems in chapter 9: Energy, Enthalpy, and Thermochemistry have been answered, more than 66964 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemical Principles, edition: 8. Chemical Principles was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781305581982. Chapter 9: Energy, Enthalpy, and Thermochemistry includes 127 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • allylic bromination

    A radical reaction that achieves installation of a bromine atom at an allylic position.

  • amino sugars

    Carbohydrate derivatives in which an OH group has been replaced with an amino group.

  • band

    An array of closely spaced molecular orbitals occupying a discrete range of energy. (Section 12.4)

  • Charles’ law.

    The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant pressure is directly proportional to the absolute temperature of the gas. (5.3)

  • coordination-sphere isomers

    Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which the ligands within the coordination sphere differ. (Section 23.4)

  • Correlation tables

    Tables of data on absorption patterns of functional groups.

  • coupling constant

    When signal splitting occurs in NMR spectroscopy, the distance between the individual peaks of a signal.

  • dihydroxylation

    A reaction characterized by the addition of two hydroxyl groups (OH) across an alkene.

  • enantiomers

    Two mirror-image molecules of a chiral substance. The enantiomers are nonsuperimposable. (Section 23.4)

  • Entropy (S)

    Measures chaos versus order and chaos is favorable

  • Haloalkene (vinylic halide)

    A compound containing a halogen atom bonded to one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • molecularity

    The number of molecules that participate as reactants in an elementary reaction. (Section 14.6)

  • pericylic reactions

    Reactions that occur via a concerted process and do not involve either ionic or radical intermediates.

  • phase change

    The conversion of a substance from one state of matter to another. The phase changes we consider are melting and freezing 1solid ? liquid2, sublimation and deposition, and vaporization and condensation 1liquid ? gas2. (Section 11.4)

  • photon

    When electromagnetic radiation is viewed as a particle, an individual packet of energy.

  • polar covalent bond

    A covalent bond in which the electrons are not shared equally. (Section 8.4)

  • racemic mixture

    A solution containing equal amounts of both enantiomers.

  • Reaction coordinate diagram

    A graph showing the energy changes that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis.

  • thiols

    Compounds containing a mercapto group (SH).

  • valence bond theory

    A theory that treats a bond as the sharing of electrons that are associated with individual atoms, rather than being associated with the entire molecule.