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Solutions for Chapter 13: General Concepts

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemical Principles | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9781305581982

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 13: General Concepts

Solutions for Chapter 13
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Textbook: Chemical Principles
Edition: 8
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781305581982

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemical Principles, edition: 8. Chapter 13: General Concepts includes 144 full step-by-step solutions. Since 144 problems in chapter 13: General Concepts have been answered, more than 55751 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemical Principles was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781305581982.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid.

    A substance that yields hydrogen ions (H1) when dissolved in water. (2.7)

  • adrenocortical hormones

    Hormones that are secreted by the cortex (the outer layer) of the adrenal glands. Adrenocortical hormones are typically characterized by a carbonyl group or hydroxyl group at C11 of the steroid skeleton.

  • Alkylation reaction

    Any reaction in which a new carbon-carbon bond to an alkyl group is formed.

  • alpha decay

    A type of radioactive decay in which an atomic nucleus emits an alpha particle and thereby transforms (or “decays”) into an atom with a mass number 4 less and atomic number 2 less. (Section 21.1)

  • Conformation

    Any three-dimensional arrangement of atoms in a molecule that results from rotation about a single bond.

  • diatomic molecule.

    A molecule that consists of two atoms. (2.5)

  • Disulfide

    A molecule containing an !S!S! group

  • electrospray ionization (ESI):

    In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique in which the compound is first dissolved in a solvent and then sprayed via a high-voltage needle into a vacuum chamber. The tiny droplets of solution become charged by the needle, and subsequent evaporation forms gas-phase molecular ions that typically carry one or more charges.

  • enthalpy of formation

    The enthalpy change that accompanies the formation of a substance from the most stable forms of its component elements. (Section 5.7)

  • Freons

    CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.

  • greenhouse gases

    Gases in an atmosphere that absorb and emit infrared radiation (radiant heat), “trapping” heat in the atmosphere. (Section 18.2)

  • lambda max (lmax)

    In UVVis spectroscopy, the wavelength of maximum absorption.

  • lipid

    A nonpolar molecule derived from glycerol and fatty acids that is used by organisms for long-term energy storage. (Section 24.9)

  • molar mass

    The mass of one mole of a substance in grams; it is numerically equal to the formula weight in atomic mass units. (Section 3.4)

  • Oligosaccharide

    A carbohydrate containing four to ten monosaccharide units, each joined to the next by a glycosidic bond.

  • Primary structure of proteins

    The sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain, read from the N-terminal amino acid to the C-terminal amino acid.

  • Sandmeyer reactions

    Reactions that utilize copper salts (CuX) and enable the installation of a halogen or a cyano group on an aromatic ring.

  • saturated

    A compound that contains no p bonds.

  • second order

    A reaction that has a rate equation in which the sum of all exponents is two.

  • Stereocenter

    An atom, most commonly carbon, about which exchange of two groups produces a stereoisomer. Chiral centers are one type of stereocenter