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Solutions for Chapter 14: Orbitals

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemical Principles | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9781305581982

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 14: Orbitals

Solutions for Chapter 14
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Textbook: Chemical Principles
Edition: 8
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781305581982

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemical Principles, edition: 8. Since 101 problems in chapter 14: Orbitals have been answered, more than 182038 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemical Principles was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781305581982. Chapter 14: Orbitals includes 101 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Avogadro’s number (NA).

    6.022 3 1023; the number of particles in a mole. (3.2)

  • Chain-transfer reaction

    The transfer of reactivity of an endgroup from one chain to another during a polymerization

  • conjugate acid–base pair

    An acid and a base, such as H2O and OH-, that differ only in the presence or absence of a proton. (Section 16.2)

  • crystallization.

    The process in which dissolved solute comes out of solution and forms crystals. (12.1)

  • endothermic process

    A process in which a system absorbs heat from its surroundings. (Section 5.2)

  • Gabriel synthesis

    A method forpreparing primary amines that avoids formation of secondary and tertiary amines.

  • methine group

    A CH group.

  • nitrosonium ion

    The NO+ ion, which is formed when NaNO2 is treated with HCl.

  • Oil

    When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature

  • oxidation

    A reaction in which one compound undergoes an increase in oxidation state.

  • Pi (p) molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital formed by overlapping parallel 2p orbitals on adjacent atoms; its electron density lies above and below the line connecting the atoms

  • Polarimeter

    An instrument for measuring the ability of a compound to rotate the plane of plane-polarized light.

  • reducing agent

    A compound that reduces another compound and in the process is itself oxidized. Sodium borohydride and lithium aluminum hydride are reducing agents.

  • root-mean-square (rms) speed 1M2

    The square root of the average of the squared speeds of the gas molecules in a gas sample. (Section 10.7)

  • Sigma (s) molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated between two nuclei, along the axis joining them, and is cylindrically symmetrical

  • singlet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of only one peak.

  • spin-spin splitting

    A phenomenon observed most commonly for nonequivalent protons connected to adjacent carbon atoms, in which the multiplicity of each signal is affected by the other.

  • steroids

    Lipids that are based on a tetracyclic ring system involving three six-membered rings and one five-membered ring. Cholesterol is an example.

  • Wolff-Kishner reduction

    A method for converting a carbonyl group into a methylene group (CH2) under basic conditions.

  • ylide

    A compound with two oppositely charged atoms adjacent to each other.