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Solutions for Chapter 21: Organic and Biochemical Molecules

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemical Principles | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9781305581982

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 21: Organic and Biochemical Molecules

Solutions for Chapter 21
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Textbook: Chemical Principles
Edition: 8
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781305581982

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemical Principles was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781305581982. Since 175 problems in chapter 21: Organic and Biochemical Molecules have been answered, more than 182685 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemical Principles, edition: 8. Chapter 21: Organic and Biochemical Molecules includes 175 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Avogadro’s law

    A statement that the volume of a gas maintained at constant temperature and pressure is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas. (Section 10.3)

  • Azeotrope

    A liquid mixture of constant composition with a boiling point that is different from that of any of its components.

  • bond cleavage

    The breaking of a bond, either homolytically or heterolytically. bond dissociation energy (Sect. 6.1): The energy required to achieve homolytic bond cleavage (generating radicals).

  • carbonyl group

    The C “O double bond, a characteristic feature of several organic functional groups, such as ketones and aldehydes. (Section 24.4)

  • cathodic protection

    A means of protecting a metal against corrosion by making it the cathode in a voltaic cell. This can be achieved by attaching a more easily oxidized metal, which serves as an anode, to the metal to be protected. (Section 20.8)

  • conjugated diene

    A compound inwhich two carbon-carbon p bonds are separated from each other by exactly one s bond.

  • curie

    A measure of radioactivity: 1 curie = 3.7 * 1010 nuclear disintegrations per second. (Section 21.4)

  • E2

    A bimolecular eliminationreaction.eclipsed conformation (Sect. 4.7): A conformationin which groups are eclipsing each other in aNewman projection.

  • first-order reaction

    A reaction in which the reaction rate is proportional to the concentration of a single reactant, raised to the first power. (Section 14.4)

  • Henderson-Hasselbalch equation

    An equation that is often employed to calculate the pH of buffered solutions: pH = pKa + log 3conjugated base4 3acid4

  • Hydrophobic effect

    The tendency of nonpolar groups to cluster so as to shield them from contact with an aqueous environment.

  • metallic character

    The extent to which an element exhibits the physical and chemical properties characteristic of metals, for example, luster, malleability, ductility, and good thermal and electrical conductivity. (Section 7.6)

  • metallic solids

    Solids that are composed of metal atoms. (Section 12.1)

  • migratory aptitude

    In a BaeyerVilliger oxidation, the migration rates of different groups, which determine the regiochemical outcome of the reaction.

  • Nucleotide

    A nucleoside in which a molecule of phosphoric acid is esterifi ed with an !OH of the monosaccharide, most commonly either the 39!OH or the 59!OH.

  • oxaphosphetane

    An intermediate that is believed to be formed during Wittig reactions.

  • Polymer

    From the Greek, poly 1 meros, meaning many parts. Any long-chain molecule synthesized by linking together many single parts called monomers

  • prosthetic group

    A nonprotein unit attached to a protein, such as heme in hemoglobin.

  • Schiemann reaction

    The conversion of an aryl diazonium salt into fluorobenzene upon treatment with fluoroboric acid (HBF4).

  • sigma 1S2 bond

    A covalent bond in which electron density is concentrated along the internuclear axis. (Section 9.6)