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Solutions for Chapter 21: Organic and Biochemical Molecules

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemical Principles | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9781305581982

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 21: Organic and Biochemical Molecules

Solutions for Chapter 21
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Textbook: Chemical Principles
Edition: 8
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781305581982

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemical Principles was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781305581982. Since 175 problems in chapter 21: Organic and Biochemical Molecules have been answered, more than 52245 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemical Principles, edition: 8. Chapter 21: Organic and Biochemical Molecules includes 175 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • aldol addition reaction

    A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.

  • alkane

    A hydrocarbon that lacks p bonds.

  • Alkylation reaction

    Any reaction in which a new carbon-carbon bond to an alkyl group is formed.

  • alkynide ion

    The conjugate base of a terminal alkyne.

  • Allylic

    Next to a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • Axial bond

    A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring parallel to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly perpendicular to the equator of the ring.

  • E,Z system

    A system to specify the confi guration of groups about a carbon-carbon double bond

  • electron affinity

    The energy change that occurs when an electron is added to a gaseous atom or ion. (Section 7.5)

  • Epoxide

    A cyclic ether in which oxygen is one atom of a three-membered ring

  • force

    A push or a pull. (Section 5.1)

  • Gabriel synthesis

    A method forpreparing primary amines that avoids formation of secondary and tertiary amines.

  • Gauche conformation

    A conformation about a single bond of an alkane in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 60°

  • high-spin complex

    A complex whose electrons populate the d orbitals to give the maximum number of unpaired electrons. (Section 23.6)

  • Hückel’s rule

    The requirement for an odd number of p electron pairs in order for a compound to be aromatic.

  • internal alkyne

    A compound with the structure R!C#C!R, where each R group is not a hydrogen atom.

  • metalloids

    Elements that lie along the diagonal line separating the metals from the nonmetals in the periodic table; the properties of metalloids are intermediate between those of metals and nonmetals. (Section 2.5)

  • momentum

    The product of the mass, m, and velocity, v, of an object. (Section 6.4)

  • Rearrangement

    A change in connectivity of the atoms in a product compared with the con nectivity of the same atoms in the starting material.

  • termination

    In radical reactions, a step in which two radicals are joined to give a compound with no unshared electrons.

  • Tripeptide

    A molecule containing three amino acid units, each joined to the next by a peptide bond

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