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Solutions for Chapter 1: The Chemical World

Introductory Chemistry (MasteringChemistry) | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9780134302386 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry (MasteringChemistry) | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9780134302386

Introductory Chemistry (MasteringChemistry) | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9780134302386 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Solutions for Chapter 1: The Chemical World

Solutions for Chapter 1
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry (MasteringChemistry)
Edition: 6
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780134302386

Summary of Chapter 1: The Chemical World

Recognize that chemicals make up virtually everything we come into contact with in our world. Identify and understand the key characteristics of the scientific method. Identify patterns in data and interpret graphs. Discussion of how to succeed as a beginning scientist.

Chapter 1: The Chemical World includes 25 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry (MasteringChemistry), edition: 6. Since 25 problems in chapter 1: The Chemical World have been answered, more than 7136 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Introductory Chemistry (MasteringChemistry) was written by Aimee Notetaker and is associated to the ISBN: 9780134302386. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • a-Hydrogen

    A hydrogen on a carbon alpha to a carbonyl group.

  • Acetal

    A molecule containing two !OR or !OAr groups bonded to the same carbon

  • aldehydes.

    Compounds with a carbonyl functional group and the general formula RCHO, where R is an H atom, an alkyl, or an aromatic group. (24.4)

  • alpha (a) helix

    For proteins, a feature of secondary structure that forms when a portion of the protein twists into a spiral.

  • Androgen

    A steroid hormone, such as testosterone, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics of males.

  • annulenes

    Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is [6]annulene.

  • Dispersion forces

    Very weak intermolecular forces of attraction resulting from the interaction between temporary induced dipoles

  • Energy

    The ability to do work.

  • energy

    The capacity to do work or to transfer heat. (Section 5.1)

  • glass transition temperature (Tg)

    The temperature at which noncrystalline polymers become very soft.

  • Grignard reagent

    A carbanion with the structure RMgX.

  • Hund’s rule

    A rule stating that electrons occupy degenerate orbitals in such a way as to maximize the number of electrons with the same spin. In other words, each orbital has one electron placed in it before pairing of electrons in orbitals occurs. (Section 6.8)

  • Hybrid orbital

    An orbital formed by the combination of two or more atomic orbitals.

  • Meso compound

    An achiral compound possessing two or more chiral centers that also has chiral isomers

  • Phospholipid

    A lipid containing glycerol esterifi ed with two molecules of fatty acid and one molecule of phosphoric acid.

  • Photons

    An alternative way to describe electromagnetic radiation as a stream of particles

  • Reactive intermediate

    A high-energy species formed between two successive reaction steps, that lies in an energy minimum between the two transition states

  • Secondary (2°) amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to two carbons and one hydrogen

  • SN2

    A bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.

  • weak deactivators

    Groups that weakly deactivate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby decreasing the rate of the reaction.