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Solutions for Chapter 7.3: Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions

Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134015187 | Authors: John McMurry, David Ballantine, Carl Hoeger, Virginia Peterson

Full solutions for Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780134015187

Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134015187 | Authors: John McMurry, David Ballantine, Carl Hoeger, Virginia Peterson

Solutions for Chapter 7.3: Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions

Summary of Chapter 7.3: Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 5 problems in chapter 7.3: Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions have been answered, more than 1223 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 7.3: Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions includes 5 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry), edition: 8. Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) was written by Aimee Notetaker and is associated to the ISBN: 9780134015187.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • a-Carbon

    A carbon atom adjacent to a carbonyl group

  • anti conformation

    A conformation in which the dihedral angle between two groups is 180°.

  • doping

    Incorporation of a hetero atom into a solid to change its electrical properties. For example, incorporation of P into Si. (Section 12.7)

  • dynamic equilibrium

    A state of balance in which opposing processes occur at the same rate. (Section 11.5)

  • elimination-addition

    A reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.

  • excited state

    A higher energy state than the ground state. (Section 6.3)

  • gauche interaction

    The steric interaction that results when two groups in a Newman projection are separated by a dihedral angle of 60°.

  • hydrophilic

    Water attracting. The term is often used to describe a type of colloid. (Section 13.6)

  • Infrared (IR) spectroscopy

    A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.

  • Mass spectrometry

    An analytical technique for measuring the mass-to-charge ratio (m/z) of ions.

  • Meisenheimer complex

    Theresonance-stabilized intermediate of a nucleophilicaromatic substitution reaction.

  • molar heat capacity

    The heat required to raise the temperature of one mole of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)

  • oxirane

    A cyclic ether containing a three-membered ring system. Also called an epoxide.

  • reaction quotient (Q)

    The value that is obtained when concentrations of reactants and products are inserted into the equilibrium expression. If the concentrations are equilibrium concentrations, Q = K; otherwise, Q ? K. (Section 15.6)

  • reduction

    A process in which a substance gains one or more electrons. (Section 4.4)

  • structural proteins

    Fibrous proteins that are used for their structural rigidity. Examples include a-keratins found in hair, nails, skin, feathers, and wool.

  • termolecular

    For mechanisms, a step that involves three chemical entities.

  • Terpene

    A compound whose carbon skeleton can be divided into two or more units identical with the carbon skeleton of isoprene

  • thermoplastics

    Polymers that are hard at room temperature but soft when heated.

  • thioacetal

    A compound that contains two SR groups, both of which are connected to the same carbon atom.