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- 188.8.131.52.41: How is the mass in grams of an element converted to number of atoms?
Solutions for Chapter 3.4: Counting Atoms
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition
An intermediate containing a positively charged carbon atom.
A [3,3] sigmatropic rearrangement that is observed for allylic vinylic ethers.
A property of a solvent (vapor-pressure lowering, freezing-point lowering, boiling-point elevation, osmotic pressure) that depends on the total concentration of solute particles present. (Section 13.5)
When two waves interact with each other in a way that produces a wave with a larger amplitude.
enthalpy of formation
The enthalpy change that accompanies the formation of a substance from the most stable forms of its component elements. (Section 5.7)
A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring roughly perpendicular to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly along the equator of a cyclohexane ring
The lowest energy state of a system.
A compound with the structure R2CRN!NH2.
A compound that consists of molecules. (Section 2.6)
nucleophilic acyl substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.
A device that uses strong magnetic and electrostatic fields to accelerate charged particles. (Section 21.3)
The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.
A complex mixture of undesirable substances produced by the action of sunlight on an urban atmosphere polluted with automobile emissions. The major starting ingredients are nitrogen oxides and organic substances, notably olefins and aldehydes. (Section 18.2)
The closeness of agreement among several measurements of the same quantity; the reproducibility of a measurement. (Section 1.5)
A mixture of equal amounts of two enantiomers.
A chemical entity with an unpaired electron.
A nucleophilic substitution in which the solvent is also the nucleophile
Compounds with the following structure: R!C#C!H
A carbocation in which the positive charge resides on a vinylic carbon atom. This type of carbocation is very unstable and will not readily form in most cases.
A neutral molecule with positive and negative charges on adjacent atoms