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- 220.127.116.11.27: Na2O eventually reacts with CO2 and H2O to form NaHCO3.What mass of...
- 18.104.22.168.28: Why are nitrogen oxides in car exhaust, even though there is no nit...
- 22.214.171.124.29: Why not use the following reaction to produce N2 in an air bag? NH3...
- 126.96.36.199.30: Just after an automobile is started, you see water dripping off the...
Solutions for Chapter 9.3: Stoichiometry and Cars
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition
A synthetic method that employs diethyl acetamidomalonate as the starting material and enables the preparation of racemic a-amino acids.
A steroid hormone, such as testosterone, that promotes tissue and muscle growth and development
Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is annulene.
A solution in which the solvent is water. (4.1)
basic oxide (basic anhydride)
An oxide that either reacts with water to form a base or reacts with an acid to form a salt and water. (Section 22.5)
The most common drawing style employed by organic chemists. All carbon atoms and most hydrogen atoms are implied but not explicitly drawn in a bond-line structure.
A binary compound of carbon with a metal or metalloid. (Section 22.9)
A chemical reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (Section 3.2)
A polymerization in which chain growth occurs in a stepwise manner between difunctional monomers. Also called step-growth polymerization.
critical pressure (Pc).
The minimum pressure necessary to bring about liquefaction at the critical temperature. (11.8)
Removal of !H and !X from adjacent carbons; a type of b-elimination
A compound containing two carbon-carbon p bonds.
An element that forms two bonds, such as oxygen.
A substance consisting of atoms of the same atomic number. Historically defined as a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances by chemical means. (Sections 1.1 and 1.2)
heat of combustion
The heat given off during a reaction in which an alkane reacts with oxygen to produce CO2 and water.
An alloy in which the components are not distributed uniformly; instead, two or more distinct phases with characteristic compositions are present. (Section 12.3)
London dispersion forces
Attractive forces between transient dipole moments, observed in alkanes.
A method of electron book-keeping in which all bonds are treated as if they were purely ionic.
Plane of symmetry
An imaginary plane passing through an object dividing it so that one half is the mirror image of the other half
polar covalent bond
A covalent bond in which the electrons are not shared equally. (Section 8.4)