- 12.1.1: What characteristic of gases makes them different from liquids or s...
- 12.1.2: Why are gases considered fluids?
- 12.1.3: What happens to gas particles when a gas is compressed?
- 12.1.4: What is the difference between force and pressure?
- 12.1.5: What is the SI unit of pressure, and how is it defined?
- 12.1.6: How does the kinetic-molecular theory explain the pressure exerted ...
- 12.1.7: How is a gass ability to fill a container different from that of a ...
- 12.1.8: The atmospheric pressure on top of Mount Everest is 58 kPa.What is ...
- 12.1.9: The vapor pressure of water at 0C is 4.579 mm Hg.What is this press...
- 12.1.10: A laboratory high-vacuum system may operate at 1.0 105 mm Hg.What i...
- 12.1.11: How does the kinetic-molecular theory explain why atmospheric press...
- 12.1.12: Molecules of hydrogen escape from Earth, but molecules of oxygen an...
Solutions for Chapter 12.1: Characteristics of Gases
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition
In UV-Vis spectroscopy, the value log (I0/I) where I0 is the intensity of the reference beam and I is the intensity of the sample beam.
An addition reaction in which two groups are installed on opposite sides of a p bond.
Compound containing only carbon, chlorine, and fluorine.
The deterioration of metals by an electrochemical process. (18.7)
critical temperature (Tc).
The temperature above which a gas will not liquefy. (11.8)
The circulation of electron density in the presence of an external magnetic field, which produces a local (induced) magnetic field that opposes the external magnetic field.
The highest occupied molecular orbital.
A compound containing a CRN bond.
Electrically charged atom or group of atoms (polyatomic ion); ions can be positively or negatively charged, depending on whether electrons are lost (positive) or gained (negative) by the atoms. (Section 2.7)
One that occurs at constant temperature. (Section 19.1)
l amino acid
Amino acids with Fischer projections that resemble the Fischer projections of l sugars.
A drawing style inwhich the electrons take center stage.linear polymer (Sect. 27.6): A polymer thathas only a minimal amount of branching or nobranching at all.
A spectrum that contains radiation at only certain specific wavelengths. (Section 6.3)
polar aprotic solvent
A solvent that lacks hydrogen atoms connected directly to an electronegative atom.
A polymer in which each monomer unit is joined to the next by an amide bond, as, for example, nylon 66.
A macromolecule containing many amino acid units, each joined to the next by a peptide bond
retro Diels-Alder reaction
The reverse of a Diels-Alder reaction, achieved at high temperature. A cyclohexene derivative is converted into a diene and a dienophile.
A process that can go back and forth between states along exactly the same path; a system at equilibrium is reversible if equilibrium can be shifted by an infinitesimal modification of a variable such as temperature. (Section 19.1)
The angle between two groups in a Newman projection, also called the dihedral angle.
Valence Bond Theory
A model of bonding that places electron pairs between adjacent atoms to create bonds.