- 13.1.1: Explain why a suspension is considered a heterogeneous mixture.
- 13.1.2: Classify the following mixtures as homogeneous or heterogeneous: a....
- 13.1.3: In a solution, which component is considered the solvent? Which is ...
- 13.1.4: Name the solvent and solute(s) in the following solutions: a. carbo...
- 13.1.5: Does a solution have to involve a liquid? Explain your answer.
- 13.1.6: How is a colloid distinguished from a solution or a suspension?
- 13.1.7: What is the basic physical principle that chromatography is based u...
- 13.1.8: How can distillation be used to prepare pure water from tap water?
- 13.1.9: Explain how you could determine that brass is a solution, and not a...
- 13.1.10: Explain why fog is a colloid.
- 13.1.11: You get a stain on a table cloth. Soapy water will not take the sta...
- 13.1.12: If you allow a container of sea water to sit in the sun, the liquid...
Solutions for Chapter 13.1: What Is a Solution?
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition
Absolute confi guration
Which of the two possible isomers an enantiomer is (i.e., whether it is the right- or left-handed isomer).
The positively charged, resonance-stabilized, intermediate of anelectrophilic aromatic substitution reaction. Also called a sigma complex.
A compound that delivers the elements of a carbene without actually producing a free carbene.
Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical reactions. (Section 1.3)
In electrocyclic reactions,a type of rotation in which the orbitals being used to form the new s bond must rotate in the same way.
An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and a halogen (such as Cl, Br, or I).
Incorporation of a hetero atom into a solid to change its electrical properties. For example, incorporation of P into Si. (Section 12.7)
A unimolecular b-elimination reaction
A compound containing a hydroxyl group bonded to a doubly bonded carbon atom.
ignal splitting in NMR
Spin-spin coupling with adjacent nuclei split NMR signals depending on the extent of coupling and the number of adjacent equivalent nuclei.
Phosphoglycerides thatcontain choline.
An analytical technique for measuring the mass-to-charge ratio (m/z) of ions.
A compound that consists of molecules. (Section 2.6)
A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with mercury(II) acetate followed by reduction with sodium borohydride.
The ability of an atom or molecule to distribute its electron density unevenly in response to external influences.
Resonance in NMR spectroscopy
The absorption of electromagnetic radiation by a precessing nucleus and the resulting “fl ip” of its nuclear spin from the lower energy state to the higher energy state.
retention of configuration
During a reaction, when the configuration of a chirality center remains unchanged.
spin magnetic quantum number 1ms2
A quantum number associated with the electron spin; it may have values of +12 or -12. (Section 6.7)
The study of the energy of chemical structures.
three-center, two-electron bonds
A bond in which two electrons are associated with three atoms, such as in diborane (B2H6).