- 13.4.1: What carries an electric current through a solution?
- 13.4.2: Is sugar an electrolyte? Why or why not?
- 13.4.3: How is a weak electrolyte different from a strong electrolyte?
- 13.4.4: Why does tap water conduct electricity, whereas distilled water doe...
- 13.4.5: What effect does a solute have on the boiling point of a solvent?
- 13.4.6: Why does spreading salt on an icy sidewalk cause the ice to melt?
- 13.4.7: What is the difference between the meaning of the terms detergent a...
- 13.4.8: What is hard water?
- 13.4.9: What is an emulsion?
- 13.4.10: What is an emulsifying agent?
- 13.4.11: Will 1 mol of sugar have the same effect as 1 mol of table salt in ...
- 13.4.12: Suppose you were taking a bath in distilled water but were using so...
- 13.4.13: Are soap and synthetic detergents equally good as emulsifiers? Expl...
- 13.4.14: A water softener removes calcium and magnesium ions from water.Why ...
- 13.4.15: Why is soap described as a detergent? Why is it described as a surf...
Solutions for Chapter 13.4: Physical Properties of Solutions
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition
A carbon atom adjacent to a carbonyl group
The Group 1A elements (Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr). (2.4)
Compounds containing a nitrogen atom that is connected to one, two, or three alkyl or aryl groups.
Benzyl group (C6H5CH2!)
The group derived from toluene by removing a hydrogen from its methyl group.
The amount of acid or base a buffer can neutralize before the pH begins to change appreciably. (Section 17.2)
A drawing style in which none of the bonds are drawn. Groups of atoms are clustered together when possible. For example, isopropanol has two CH3 groups, both of which are connected to the central carbon atom, shown like this: (CH3)2CHOH.
An addition reaction in which a nucleophile and a proton are added across the two ends of a conjugated p system.
The amount of fissionable material necessary to maintain a nuclear chain reaction. (Section 21.7)
A situation in which two or more orbitals have the same energy. (Section 6.7)
Elimination of water.
The process in which the molecules go directly from the vapor into the solid phase. (11.8)
A molecule that consists of two atoms. (2.5)
A cyclohexene resulting from the cycloaddition reaction of a diene and a dienophile.
effective nuclear charge
The net positive charge experienced by an electron in a many-electron atom; this charge is not the full nuclear charge because there is some shielding of the nucleus by the other electrons in the atom. (Section 7.2)
A mixture of triglycerides that is semisolid or solid at room temperature.
A biological membrane that consists of a phospholipid bilayer with proteins, carbohydrates, and other lipids on the surface and embedded in the bilayer
The mass of the collection of atoms represented by a chemical formula. For example, the formula weight of NO2 (46.0 amu) is the sum of the masses of one nitrogen atom and two oxygen atoms. (Section 3.3)
A special type of dipole-dipole interaction that occurs between an electronegative atom and a hydrogen atom that is connected to another electronegative atom.
A compound containing several ether groups.
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of four peaks.