- 15.1.1: List the observable properties of an acid.
- 15.1.2: How did Arrhenius define a base?
- 15.1.3: Giving examples, explain how strong acids and weak acids differ.
- 15.1.4: How does the Brnsted-Lowry definition of an acid differ from the Ar...
- 15.1.5: Write an equation that demonstrates the properties of acids and bas...
- 15.1.6: Define a conjugate acid-base pair, and give an example.
- 15.1.7: Show chemical equations for the reaction of water with (a) an acid ...
- 15.1.8: Could a Brnsted-Lowry acid not be an Arrhenius acid? Explain.
- 15.1.9: How would [OH] in an ammonia solution compare with [OH] in a sodium...
- 15.1.10: Write the formulas of the conjugate acid and the conjugate base of ...
- 15.1.11: Write an equation describing a proton transfer between H2SO4(aq) an...
- 15.1.12: Why can magnesium hydroxide be described as a strong base even thou...
- 15.1.13: Identify two acids and their conjugate bases in the following react...
Solutions for Chapter 15.1: What Are Acids and Bases?
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition
In IR spectroscopy, when two bonds are stretching out of phase with each other.
Difference in electrical potential between the anode and the cathode of a galvanic cell. (18.2)
Chlorofl uorocarbons (CFCs, Freons)
Compounds with one or two carbons, chlorine, and fl uorine, formerly used as refrigerants
Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter
The minimum mass of fissionable material required to generate a self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction. (19.5)
The process in which molecules, ions, or atoms come together to form a crystalline solid. (Section 13.2)
A reaction in which two reactants add together in a single step to form a cyclic product. The best known of these is the Diels-Alder reaction
A term associatedwith the probability of finding an electron in aparticular region of space.
An alloy in which smaller atoms fit into spaces between larger atoms. The larger atoms are metallic elements and the smaller atoms are typically nonmetallic elements. (Section 12.3)
The SI unit of pressure: 1 Pa = 1 N >m2 . (Section 10.2)
The sign of the wave function at particular coordinates in space, either plus or minus. Phasing is often represented by colors, such as red or blue
A polymer in which each monomer unit is joined to the next by an amide bond, as, for example, nylon 66.
A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located only at the corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)
Replacing this hydrogen by deuterium gives a chiral center with an R confi guration
A characteristic that gives a sample of matter its unique identity. (Section 1.1)
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of five peaks.
Resonance in NMR spectroscopy
The absorption of electromagnetic radiation by a precessing nucleus and the resulting “fl ip” of its nuclear spin from the lower energy state to the higher energy state.
A conformation of a conjugated diene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is cis-like (a dihedral angle of 0°).
second law of thermodynamics
A statement of our experience that there is a direction to the way events occur in nature. When a process occurs spontaneously in one direction, it is nonspontaneous in the reverse direction. It is possible to state the second law in many different forms, but they all relate back to the same idea about spontaneity. One of the most common statements found in chemical contexts is that in any spontaneous process the entropy of the universe increases. (Section 19.2)
A conformation about a carbon-carbon single bond in which the atoms or groups on one carbon are as far apart as possible from atoms or groups on an adjacent carbon.