- 16.2.1: How can reaction orders be measured?
- 16.2.2: What can be learned from reaction orders?
- 16.2.3: Explain why not all collisions between reactant molecules lead to r...
- 16.2.4: What are catalysts and how do they function?
- 16.2.5: Give an example of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction.
- 16.2.6: What is the order of a reaction if its rate triples when the reacta...
- 16.2.7: The reaction CH3NC(g) CH3CN(g) is of order 1, with a rate of 1.3 10...
- 16.2.8: The following data relate to the reaction A + B C. Find the order w...
- 16.2.9: Which corresponds to the faster rate: a mechanism with a small acti...
- 16.2.10: If the reaction NO2(g) + CO(g) NO(g) + CO2(g) proceeds by a one-ste...
- 16.2.11: What happens if a pair of colliding molecules possesses less energy...
- 16.2.12: Why is the phrase lock and key used to describe enzyme catalysis?
- 16.2.13: How are a catalyst and an intermediate similar? How are they differ...
- 16.2.14: Draw a diagram similar to Figure 10 to show (a) an unsuccessful and...
Solutions for Chapter 16.2: How Can Reaction Rates Be Explained?
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition
A type of rearrangement in which an atom or group of atoms with its bonding electrons moves from one atom to an adjacent electron-defi cient atom.
An object that lacks chirality; an object that has no handedness
Elements that have incompletely filled 5f subshells or readily give rise to cations that have incompletely filled 5f subshells. (7.9)
An SR group.
The peak caused by the most abundant ion in a mass spectrum; the most intense peak. It is assigned an arbitrary intensity of 100
A solution of (a) a weak acid or base and (b) its salt; both components must be present. The solution has the ability to resist changes in pH upon the addition of small amounts of either acid or base. (16.3)
An intermediate containing a positively charged carbon atom.
A reaction in which a carbonyl group is completely reduced and replaced with two hydrogen atoms.
A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)
A technique by which compounds are separated from each other based on a difference in the way they interact with the medium (the adsorbent) through which they are passed.
A carbohydrate containing two monosaccharide units joined by a glycosidic bond.
A reaction that produces one enantiomer in preference to the other.
The number of times per second that one complete wavelength passes a given point. (Section 6.1)
In an exothermic process the transition state is closer in energy to the reactants than to the products, and therefore the structure of the transition state more closely resembles the reactants. In contrast, the transition state in an endothermic process is closer in energy to the products, and therefore the transition state more closely resembles the products.
Numbers of protons and neutrons that result in very stable nuclei. (Section 21.2)
An alternative way to describe electromagnetic radiation as a stream of particles
A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.
A chemical entity with an unpaired electron.
A polymer, comprised of more than one kind of repeating unit, in which there is a random distribution of repeating units.
The conversion of an aryl diazonium salt into fluorobenzene upon treatment with fluoroboric acid (HBF4).