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Solutions for Chapter 18.1: Atomic Nuclei and Nuclear Stability

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780030391071 | Authors: R. Thomas Myers, Keith B. Oldham, Salvatore Tocci

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780030391071

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780030391071 | Authors: R. Thomas Myers, Keith B. Oldham, Salvatore Tocci

Solutions for Chapter 18.1: Atomic Nuclei and Nuclear Stability

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 12 problems in chapter 18.1: Atomic Nuclei and Nuclear Stability have been answered, more than 13473 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006, edition: 1. Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780030391071. Chapter 18.1: Atomic Nuclei and Nuclear Stability includes 12 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • antiferromagnetism

    A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on adjacent sites point in opposite directions and cancel each other’s effects. (Section 23.1)

  • Aufbau principle.

    As protons are added one by one to the nucleus to build up the elements, electrons similarly are added to the atomic orbitals. (7.9)

  • carboxylic acid

    A compound that contains the ¬COOH functional group. (Sections 16.10 and 24.4)

  • chair conformation

    The lowest energy conformation for cyclohexane, in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and all hydrogen atoms are staggered.

  • copolymer

    A complex polymer resulting from the polymerization of two or more chemically different monomers. (Section 12.8)

  • Cumulated

    A cumulated diene is one in which two double bonds share an sp-hybridized carbon

  • diagnostic region

    The region of an IR spectrum that contains signals that arise from double bonds, triple bonds, and X!H bonds.

  • dipole

    A molecule with one end having a partial negative charge and the other end having a partial positive charge; a polar molecule. (Section 8.4)

  • Dispersion forces

    Very weak intermolecular forces of attraction resulting from the interaction between temporary induced dipoles

  • dispersion forces

    Intermolecular forces resulting from attractions between induced dipoles. Also called London dispersion forces. (Section 11.2)

  • endothermic process

    A process in which a system absorbs heat from its surroundings. (Section 5.2)

  • isotopes

    Atoms of the same element containing different numbers of neutrons and therefore having different masses. (Section 2.3)

  • Molecular dipole moment (m)

    The vector sum of individual bond dipoles.

  • molecular hydrides

    Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with nonmetals and metalloids. (Section 22.2)

  • nitrogen rule

    In mass spectrometry, an odd molecular weight indicates an odd number of nitrogen atoms in the compound, while an even molecular weight indicates either an even number of nitrogen atoms or the absence of nitrogen.

  • Photolysis

    Cleavage by light.

  • Plastic

    A polymer that can be molded when hot and retains its shape when cooled

  • rate law

    An equation that relates the reaction rate to the concentrations of reactants (and sometimes of products also). (Section 14.3)

  • reducing sugar

    A carbohydrate that is oxidized upon treatment with Tollens’ reagent, Fehling’s reagent, or Benedict’s reagent.

  • sigma 1S2 molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital that centers the electron density about an imaginary line passing through two nuclei. (Section 9.7)

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