- 20.3.2: Describe the three-dimensional shape of DNA.
- 20.3.3: Describe how DNA uses the genetic code to control the synthesis of ...
- 20.3.4: Why is a very small trace of blood enough for DNA fingerprinting?
- 20.3.5: What was the first protein to be made commercially by recombinant D...
- 20.3.6: For what sequence of amino acids does the RNA base sequence AUGAAGU...
- 20.3.7: A segment of a DNA strand has the base sequence ACGTTGGCT. a. What ...
- 20.3.8: Why might identical twins be called clones?
- 20.3.9: What features of the four base pairs make them ideal for holding DN...
- 20.3.10: Is it possible to specify the 20 amino acids using only two base pa...
- 20.3.1: From what three components is DNA made?
Solutions for Chapter 20.3: Nucleic Acids
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition
An aldol addition followed by dehydration to give an a,bunsaturated ketone or aldehyde.
A compound that possesses a carbon-carbon double bond.
A polysaccharide of glucose; it is the major structural element in plant matter. (Section 24.8)
A tetrahedral carbon atom bearing four different groups.
A measure of the separation and magnitude of the positive and negative charges in polar molecules. (Section 8.4)
Incorporation of a hetero atom into a solid to change its electrical properties. For example, incorporation of P into Si. (Section 12.7)
Two mirror-image molecules of a chiral substance. The enantiomers are nonsuperimposable. (Section 23.4)
The splitting of a large nucleus into two smaller ones. (Section 21.6)
An atom or group of atoms within a molecule that shows a characteristic set of physical and chemical properties
Liquids that do not dissolve in one another to a significant extent. (Section 13.3)
A measure of the amount of material in an object. It measures the resistance of an object to being moved. In SI units, mass is measured in kilograms. (Section 1.4)
The difference between the mass of a nucleus and the total masses of the individual nucleons that it contains. (Section 21.6)
net ionic equation
A chemical equation for a solution reaction in which soluble strong electrolytes are written as ions and spectator ions are omitted. (Section 4.2)
A way to view a molecule by looking along a carbon-carbon single bond
Pauli exclusion principle
A rule stating that no two electrons in an atom may have the same four quantum numbers (n, l, ml, and ms). As a reflection of this principle, there can be no more than two electrons in any one atomic orbital. (Section 6.7)
The conversion of a substance from one state of matter to another. The phase changes we consider are melting and freezing 1solid ? liquid2, sublimation and deposition, and vaporization and condensation 1liquid ? gas2. (Section 11.4)
Cleavage by light.
The branch of science that studies the interaction of matter and radiation.
Specifi c rotation
The observed rotation of the plane of polarized light when a sample is placed in a tube 1.0 dm in length and at a concentration of 1 g/mL for a solution. For a pure liquid, concentration is expressed in g/mL (density).
The ability of groups, because of their size, to hinder access to a reaction site within a molecule.
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