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Solutions for Chapter 20.3: Nucleic Acids

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780030391071 | Authors: R. Thomas Myers, Keith B. Oldham, Salvatore Tocci

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780030391071

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780030391071 | Authors: R. Thomas Myers, Keith B. Oldham, Salvatore Tocci

Solutions for Chapter 20.3: Nucleic Acids

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006, edition: 1. Since 10 problems in chapter 20.3: Nucleic Acids have been answered, more than 41793 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 20.3: Nucleic Acids includes 10 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780030391071.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Alkyl group

    A group derived by removing a hydrogen from an alkane; given the symbol R!

  • atomic weight

    The average mass of the atoms of an element in atomic mass units (amu); it is numerically equal to the mass in grams of one mole of the element. (Section 2.4)

  • chain-growth polymer

    A polymer that is formed under conditions in which the monomers do not react directly with each other, but rather, each monomer is added to the growing chain, one at a time.

  • Dehydration

    Elimination of water.

  • Diamagnetic current in NMR

    The circulation of electron density in a molecule in an applied magnetic fi eld.

  • E2

    A bimolecular eliminationreaction.eclipsed conformation (Sect. 4.7): A conformationin which groups are eclipsing each other in aNewman projection.

  • Equatorial bond

    A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring roughly perpendicular to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly along the equator of a cyclohexane ring

  • first law of thermodynamics

    A statement that energy is conserved in any process. One way to express the law is that the change in internal energy, ?E, of a system in any process is equal to the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)

  • Fishhook arrow

    A barbed curved arrow used to show the change in position of a single electron.

  • Graham’s law

    A law stating that the rate of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of its molecular weight. (Section 10.8)

  • High-density lipoprotein (HDL)

    Plasma particles, density 1.06–1.21 g/mL, consisting of approximately 33% proteins, 30% cholesterol, 29% phospholipids, and 8% triglycerides.

  • hydrolysis

    A reaction in which bonds are cleaved by treatment with water.

  • net ionic equation

    A chemical equation for a solution reaction in which soluble strong electrolytes are written as ions and spectator ions are omitted. (Section 4.2)

  • nucleophilic attack

    One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.

  • optically active

    A compound that rotates plane-polarized light.

  • Oxidative addition

    Addition of a reagent to a metal center causing it to add two substituents and to increase its oxidation state by two

  • Phasing

    The sign of the wave function at particular coordinates in space, either plus or minus. Phasing is often represented by colors, such as red or blue

  • reverse osmosis

    The process by which water molecules move under high pressure through a semipermeable membrane from the more concentrated to the less concentrated solution. (Section 18.4)

  • secondary

    A term used to indicate that exactly two alkyl groups are attached directly to a particular position. For example, a secondary carbocation has two alkyl groups attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).

  • Transesterifi cation

    Exchange of the !OR or !OAr group of an ester for another !OR or !OAr group.

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