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Solutions for Chapter 2.1: Scientific Method
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
Hydrocarbons having the general formula CnH2n12, where n 5 1,2, . . . . (24.2)
A solid whose molecular arrangement lacks the regularly repeating long- range pattern of a crystal. (Section 12.2)
The dipole moment that is due to unequal electron sharing between two atoms in a covalent bond. (Section 9.3)
A substance capable of accepting a proton. (4.3)
Ionic compounds containing the C2 22 or C42 ion. (22.3)
changes of state
Transformations of matter from one state to a different one, for example, from a gas to a liquid. (Section 1.3)
A term describing a molecule or an ion that cannot be superimposed on its mirror image. (Sections 23.4 and 24.5)
A reaction in which two smaller molecules combine to form a larger molecule. Water is invariably one of the products of such a reaction. (24.4)
A substance formed by the loss of a proton from a Brønsted–Lowry acid. (Section 16.2)
A conjugated diene or carbonyl is one in which the double bonds are separated by one single bond
A ratio relating the same quantity in two systems of units that is used to convert the units of measurement. (Section 1.6)
An atom or group of atoms within a molecule that shows a characteristic set of physical and chemical properties
A compound containing a halogen atom and a hydroxyl group on adjacent carbons; those containing Br and OH are bromohydrins, and those containing Cl and OH are chlorohydrins.
The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a sample of matter by 1 °C (or 1 K). (Section 5.5)
Different compounds with the same molecular formula.
lanthanide (rare earth) element
Element in which the 4f subshell is only partially occupied. (Sections 6.8 and 6.9)
London dispersion forces
Attractive forces between transient dipole moments, observed in alkanes.
The nucleophile in a Michael reaction.
The stabilization associated with the delocalization of electrons via resonance.
A selective reducing agent (NaBH3CN) that can be used for reductive amination.