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Solutions for Chapter 2.3: Using Scientific Measurements

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 2.3: Using Scientific Measurements

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. Chapter 2.3: Using Scientific Measurements includes 10 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1. Since 10 problems in chapter 2.3: Using Scientific Measurements have been answered, more than 14151 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alpha decay

    A type of radioactive decay in which an atomic nucleus emits an alpha particle and thereby transforms (or “decays”) into an atom with a mass number 4 less and atomic number 2 less. (Section 21.1)

  • Charles’ and Gay-Lussac’s law.

    See Charles’ law.

  • chemical changes

    Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical reactions. (Section 1.3)

  • coal

    A naturally occurring solid containing hydrocarbons of high molecular weight, as well as compounds containing sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen. (Section 5.8)

  • combination reaction.

    A reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (4.4)

  • Dihedral angle

    The angle created by two intersecting planes.

  • Electrophoresis

    The process of separating compounds on the basis of their electric charge

  • ferromagnetism

    A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins align parallel to one another. (Section 23.1)

  • initiation

    In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which radicals are created.

  • Isotactic polymer

    A polymer with identical confi gurations (either all R or all S) at all chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, isotactic polypropylene

  • Le Châtelier’s principle

    A principle stating that when we disturb a system at chemical equilibrium, the relative concentrations of reactants and

  • Markovnikov addition

    In additionreactions, the observation that the hydrogen atomis generally placed at the vinylic position alreadybearing the larger number of hydrogen atoms.

  • nuclear disintegration series

    A series of nuclear reactions that begins with an unstable nucleus and terminates with a stable one; also called a radioactive series. (Section 21.2)

  • overall reaction order

    The sum of the reaction orders of all the reactants appearing in the rate expression when the rate can be expressed as rate = k3A4a 3B4b... . (Section 14.3)

  • polar aprotic solvent

    A solvent that lacks hydrogen atoms connected directly to an electronegative atom.

  • polarizability

    The ease with which the electron cloud of an atom or a molecule is distorted by an outside influence, thereby inducing a dipole moment. (Section 11.2)

  • sigma (s) bond

    A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.

  • solubility-product constant (solubility product)1Ksp2

    An equilibrium constant related to the equilibrium between a solid salt and its ions in solution. It provides a quantitative measure of the solubility of a slightly soluble salt. (Section 17.4)

  • solute

    A substance dissolved in a solvent to form a solution; it is normally the component of a solution present in the smaller amount. (Section 4.1)

  • trigonal pyramidal

    A geometry adopted by an atom that has one lone pair and a steric number of 4.

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