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Solutions for Chapter 4.1: The Development ofa New Atomic Model

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 4.1: The Development ofa New Atomic Model

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. Since 6 problems in chapter 4.1: The Development ofa New Atomic Model have been answered, more than 55913 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 4.1: The Development ofa New Atomic Model includes 6 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Birch reduction

    A reaction in which benzene is reduced to give 1,4-cyclohexadiene.

  • carboxylic acid

    A compound that contains the ¬COOH functional group. (Sections 16.10 and 24.4)

  • cell voltage.

    Difference in electrical potential between the anode and the cathode of a galvanic cell. (18.2)

  • conversion factor

    A ratio relating the same quantity in two systems of units that is used to convert the units of measurement. (Section 1.6)

  • covalent-network solids

    Solids in which the units that make up the three-dimensional network are joined by covalent bonds. (Section 12.1)

  • divalent

    An element that forms two bonds, such as oxygen.

  • Geminal coupling

    Spin-spin coupling that occurs between nonequivalent H atoms bonded to the same C atom. The H atoms are generally nonequivalent owing to restricted bond rotation in the molecule

  • glass

    An amorphous solid formed by fusion of SiO2, CaO, and Na2O. Other oxides may also be used to form glasses with differing characteristics. (Section 22.10)

  • Hess’s law

    The heat evolved in a given process can be expressed as the sum of the heats of several processes that, when added, yield the process of interest. (Section 5.6)

  • ionic solids

    Solids that are composed of ions. (Section 12.1)

  • Micelle

    A spherical arrangement of organic molecules in water solution clustered so that their hydrophobic parts are buried inside the sphere and their hydrophilic parts are on the surface of the sphere and in contact with water

  • molality

    The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per kilogram of solvent; abbreviated m. (Section 13.4)

  • N-nitrosamine

    A compound with the structure R2N!NRO.

  • primary structure

    For proteins, the sequence of amino acid residues.

  • quaternary structure

    The structure of a protein resulting from the clustering of several individual protein chains into a final specific shape. (Section 24.7)

  • solute

    A substance dissolved in a solvent to form a solution; it is normally the component of a solution present in the smaller amount. (Section 4.1)

  • solvation

    The clustering of solvent molecules around a solute particle. (Section 13.1)

  • Specifi c rotation

    The observed rotation of the plane of polarized light when a sample is placed in a tube 1.0 dm in length and at a concentration of 1 g/mL for a solution. For a pure liquid, concentration is expressed in g/mL (density).

  • Tollens’ reagent

    A solution prepared by dissolving Ag2O in aqueous ammonia; used for selective oxidation of an aldehyde to a carboxylic acid.

  • vinylic carbocation

    A carbocation in which the positive charge resides on a vinylic carbon atom. This type of carbocation is very unstable and will not readily form in most cases.

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