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Solutions for Chapter 4.3: Electron Configurations
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
The product formed when the C"O group of a monosaccharide is reduced to a CHOH group.
alpha 1A2 helix
A protein structure in which the protein is coiled in the form of a helix with hydrogen bonds between C “O and N ¬H groups on adjacent turns. (Section 24.7)
delocalized molecular orbitals.
Molecular orbitals that are not confined between two adjacent bonding atoms but actually extend over three or more atoms. (10.8)
The escape of a gas through an orifice or hole. (Section 10.8)
Therange of all frequencies of electromagnetic radiation,which is arbitrarily divided into severalregions, most commonly by wavelength.
electrospray ionization (ESI):
In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique in which the compound is first dissolved in a solvent and then sprayed via a high-voltage needle into a vacuum chamber. The tiny droplets of solution become charged by the needle, and subsequent evaporation forms gas-phase molecular ions that typically carry one or more charges.
The point in a titration at which the added solute reacts completely with the solute present in the solution. (Section 4.6)
first law of thermodynamics
A statement that energy is conserved in any process. One way to express the law is that the change in internal energy, ?E, of a system in any process is equal to the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)
A lithium dialkyl cuprate (R2CuLi).
In a BaeyerVilliger oxidation, the migration rates of different groups, which determine the regiochemical outcome of the reaction.
A building block of nucleic acids, consisting of d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose bonded to a heterocyclic aromatic amine base by a b-N-glycosidic bond
The sign of the wave function at particular coordinates in space, either plus or minus. Phasing is often represented by colors, such as red or blue
A substance capable of dissociating more than one proton in water; H2SO4 is an example. (Section 16.6)
The sequence of amino acids along a protein chain. (Section 24.7)
Principle of microscopic reversibility
This principle states that the sequence of transition states and reactive intermediates in the mechanism of any reversible reaction must be the same, but in reverse order, for the reverse reaction as for the forward reaction
For radical reactions,the steps whose sum gives the net chemical reaction.
A reaction that can produce two or more constitutional isomers but nevertheless produces one as the major product.
Separation of a racemic mixture into its enantiomers; in mass spectrometry, a measure of how well a mass spectrometer separates ions of different mass.
Secondary (2°) amine
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to two carbons and one hydrogen
Williamson ether synthesis
A general method for the synthesis of dialkyl ethers by an SN2 reaction between a haloalkane and an alkoxide ion.
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