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Solutions for Chapter 4.3: Electron Configurations
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
Hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds. They have the general formula CnH2n, where n 5 2,3, . . . . (24.2)
A substituent lacking p bonds and comprised of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
A carbocation in which the positive charge is adjacent to a carbon-carbon double bond.
A solution in which water is the solvent. (Chapter 4: Introduction)
An elementary step that involves two molecules. (13.5)
The study of the chemistry of living systems. (Chapter 24: Introduction)
Phosphoglycerides that contain ethanolamine.
A chemical reaction in which a small molecule (such as a molecule of water) is split out from between two reacting molecules. (Sections 12.6 and 22.8)
Confi gurational isomers
Isomers that differ by the confi guration of substituents on an atom. Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter
A reaction characterized by the addition of two hydroxyl groups (OH) across an alkene.
A solute that produces ions in solution; an electrolytic solution conducts an electric current. (Section 4.1)
A compound with the structure R!O!O!H.
Liquids that do not dissolve in one another to a significant extent. (Section 13.3)
London dispersion forces
Attractive forces between transient dipole moments, observed in alkanes.
A spherical arrangement of organic molecules in water solution clustered so that their hydrophobic parts are buried inside the sphere and their hydrophilic parts are on the surface of the sphere and in contact with water
A chemical combination of two or more atoms. (Sections 1.1 and 2.6)
A rule stating that bonded atoms tend to possess or share a total of eight valence-shell electrons. (Section 8.1)
Pauli exclusion principle
The rule that states that an atomic orbital or molecular orbital can accommodate a maximum of two electrons with opposite spin.
A variety of enzymes that selectively hydrolyze specific peptide bonds.
A prefi x meaning across from.