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Solutions for Chapter 5.2: ElectronConfiguration andthe Periodic Table
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
Compounds that will react with either acids or bases. Amino acids are amphoteric.
antibonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated outside the region between the two nuclei of bonded atoms. Such orbitals, designated as s* or p*, are less stable (of higher energy) than bonding molecular orbitals. (Section 9.7)
A ligand in which two linked coordinating atoms are bound to a metal. (Section 23.3)
A compound that can serve as a proton acceptor.
A situation in which two multiple bonds are separated by a single bond. Alternatively, a series of overlapping 2p orbitals. 1,3-butadiene, for example, is a conjugated diene, and 3-butene-2-one is a conjugated enone
The removal of salts from seawater, brine, or brackish water to make it fit for human consumption. (Section 18.4)
A reaction in which the enthalpy of the products is higher than the enthalpy of the reactants; a reaction in which heat is absorbed
The charge on an atom in a polyatomic ion or molecule
A catalyst that does not dissolve in the reaction medium.
A polymer with identical confi gurations (either all R or all S) at all chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, isotactic polypropylene
A reaction for which the product distribution is determined by the relative rates at which the products are formed.
Any molecule or ion that can form a new covalent bond by accepting a pair of electrons.
The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per kilogram of solvent; abbreviated m. (Section 13.4)
Refers to groups occupying l,4-positions on a benzene ring
Polymers that are similar in structure to polyesters but with repeating carbonate groups (!O!CO2!) instead of repeating ester groups (!CO2!). polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
A voltaic cell that cannot be recharged. (Section 20.7)
A carbohydrate that is oxidized upon treatment with Tollens’ reagent, Fehling’s reagent, or Benedict’s reagent.
specific heat 1Cs2
The heat capacity of 1 g of a substance; the heat required to raise the temperature of 1 g of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)
A compound that contains a sulfur atom that has double bonds with two oxygen atoms and is flanked on both sides by R groups.
An element, such as nitrogen, that forms three bonds.