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Solutions for Chapter 5.3: ElectronConfiguration andPeriodic Properties
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
acid ionization constant (Ka).
The equilibrium constant for the acid ionization. (15.5)
A summary of the results of many possible displacement reactions. (4.4)
An oxide that exhibits both acidic and basic properties. (8.6)
The vertical distance from the middle of a wave to the peak or trough. (7.1)
A type of geometry resulting from an sp3-hybridized atom that has two lone pairs. For example, the oxygen atom in H2O.
Center of symmetry
A point so situated that identical components of an object are located on opposite sides and equidistant from that point along any axis passing through it.
A substance formed by the loss of a proton from a Brønsted–Lowry acid. (Section 16.2)
coupling (of protons)
A phenomenon observed most commonly for nonequivalent protons connected to adjacent carbon atoms in which the multiplicity of each signal is affected by the other.
A type of magnetism that causes a substance with no unpaired electrons to be weakly repelled from a magnetic field. (Section 9.8)
Energetic electromagnetic radiation emanating from the nucleus of a radioactive atom. (Section 21.1)
A molecule containing an !OH and an !OR or !OAr group bonded to the same carbon
Refers to a substance that rotates the plane of polarized light to the left.
melt transition temperature (Tm)
The temperature at which the crystallineregions of a polymer become amorphous.
A method for building a peptide from protected building blocks.
The science of extracting metals from their natural sources by a combination of chemical and physical processes. It is also concerned with the properties and structures of metals and alloys. (Section 23.1)
A naturally occurring mixture of gaseous hydrocarbon compounds composed of hydrogen and carbon. (Section 5.8)
In mass spectrometry,the ion that is generated when the compound is ionized.
The geometry of an atom with four bonds separated from each other by 109.5°.
A carbocation in which the positive charge resides on a vinylic carbon atom. This type of carbocation is very unstable and will not readily form in most cases.
Groups that weakly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby enhancing the rate of the reaction.