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Solutions for Chapter 5.3: ElectronConfiguration andPeriodic Properties
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A CH3CO! group; also called an acetyl group
The term describing a carbonyl group (CRO bond) connected to an alkyl group or aryl group.
An alloy of mercury with another metal or metals. (21.2)
For chair conformations of substituted cyclohexanes, a position that is parallel to a vertical axis passing through the center of the ring.
chemical shift (d)
In an NMR spectrum, the location of a signal, defined relative to the frequency of absorption of a reference compound, tetramethylsilane (TMS).
An eliminationreaction in which the leaving group only leavesafter deprotonation occurs. This process occurs atthe end of an aldol condensation.
A method for analyzing the sequence of amino acids in apeptide by removing one amino acid residue at a time and identifying each residue as it is removed.
A compound of the type CHX3 where X is a halogen.
Compounds that contain only carbon, fluorine, and hydrogen (no chlorine).
Liquids that do not dissolve in one another to a significant extent. (Section 13.3)
A property that is independent of the amount of material considered, for example, density. (Section 1.3)
A device inwhich a compound is first vaporized and convertedinto ions, which are then separated anddetected.
The arrangement in space of the atoms of a molecule. (Section 9.2)
normal melting point
The melting point at 1 atm pressure. (Section 11.6)
The observation that second-row elements (C, N, O, and F) will form the necessary number of bonds so as to achieve a full valence shell (eight electrons).
Pauli exclusion principle
The rule that states that an atomic orbital or molecular orbital can accommodate a maximum of two electrons with opposite spin.
Light for which all photons have the same polarization, generally formed by passing light through a polarizing filter.
A phenomenon observed most commonly for nonequivalent protons connected to adjacent carbon atoms, in which the multiplicity of each signal is affected by the other.
A conformation in which nearby groups in a Newman projection have a dihedral angle of 60°.
standard emf, also called the standard cell potential 1E°2
The emf of a cell when all reagents are at standard conditions. (Section 20.4)
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