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Solutions for Chapter 7.3: Using Chemical Formulas
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
One-half the distance between the two nuclei in two adjacent atoms of the same element in a metal. For elements that exist as diatomic units, the atomic radius is one-half the distance between the nuclei of the two atoms in a particular molecule. (8.3)
A reaction in which a molecule, such as HCl, HBr, HI, or HOH, is split out or eliminated from adjacent carbons
The number of bonding electron pairs shared between two atoms, minus the number of antibonding electron pairs: bond order = (number of bonding electrons - number of antibonding electrons)/2. (Section 9.7)
A chemical bond formed between two atoms by sharing one or more pairs of electrons.
A theory that accounts for the colors and the magnetic and other properties of transition-metal complexes in terms of the splitting of the energies of metal ion d orbitals by the electrostatic interaction with the ligands. (Section 23.6)
Elimination of water.
The circulation of electron density in the presence of an external magnetic field, which produces a local (induced) magnetic field that opposes the external magnetic field.
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that installs an alkyl group on an aromatic ring.
A form of isomerism in which compounds with the same type and number of atoms and the same chemical bonds have different spatial arrangements of these atoms and bonds. (Sections 23.4 and 24.4)
A polyhydroxy aldehyde whose formula is CH2OH1CHOH24CHO; it is the most important of the monosaccharides. (Section 24.8)
When considering electrons in atomic orbitals, a rule that states that one electron is placed in each degenerate orbital first, before electrons are paired up.
A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with borane (BH3) to give a trialkylborane, which is then oxidized with alkaline hydrogen peroxide to give an alcohol
Any molecule or ion that can form a new covalent bond by donating a pair of electrons.
Lewis symbol (electron-dot symbol)
The chemical symbol for an element, with a dot for each valence electron. (Section 8.1)
Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which a ligand differs in its mode of attachment to a metal ion. (Section 23.4)
A ligand that binds to the metal ion via a single donor atom. It occupies one position in the coordination sphere. (Section 23.3)
An electrically charged group of two or more atoms. (Section 2.7)
A compound that contains no p bonds.
A compound or region of a compound that is very bulky.
A compound containing an SRO bond that is flanked on both sides by R groups.
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