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Solutions for Chapter 7.3: Using Chemical Formulas
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A measure of how closely individual measurements agree with the correct value. (Section 1.5)
A compound that possesses a carbon-carbon double bond.
A high-energy intermediate formed during the elimination-addition reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.
The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant pressure is directly proportional to the absolute temperature of the gas. (5.3)
A representation of a chemical reaction using the chemical formulas of the reactants and products; a balanced chemical equation contains equal numbers of atoms of each element on both sides of the equation. (Section 3.1)
In gas chromatography, a plot that identifies the retention time of each compound in the mixture.
The ability to do work.
The equilibrium established between reactant and product substances that are all in the same phase. (Section 15.4)
Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen. (Section 2.9)
A model of enzyme action in which the substrate molecule is pictured as fitting rather specifically into the active site on the enzyme. It is assumed that in being bound to the active site, the substrate is somehow activated for reaction. (Section 14.7)
An instrument used to measure the precise masses and relative amounts of atomic and molecular ions. (Section 2.4)
Thedetermining factor by which ions are separatedfrom each other in mass spectrometry.
Refers to groups occupying 1,3-positions on a benzene ring.
The mass of one mole of a substance in grams; it is numerically equal to the formula weight in atomic mass units. (Section 3.4)
A solution containing just one enantiomer, but not its mirror image.
A series of reactions by which a set of organic starting materials is converted to a more complicated structure.
A macromolecule containing many amino acid units, each joined to the next by a peptide bond
The positively charged intermediate of an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction.
smectic liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal in which the molecules are aligned along their long axes and arranged in sheets, with the ends of the molecules aligned. There are several different kinds of smectic phases. (Section 12.8)
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion theory, which can be used to predict the geometry around an atom.