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Solutions for Chapter 8.1: Describing ChemicalReactions

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 8.1: Describing ChemicalReactions

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 8.1: Describing ChemicalReactions includes 5 full step-by-step solutions. Since 5 problems in chapter 8.1: Describing ChemicalReactions have been answered, more than 13976 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • 1,2-Shift

    A type of rearrangement in which an atom or group of atoms with its bonding electrons moves from one atom to an adjacent electron-defi cient atom.

  • adrenocortical hormones

    Hormones that are secreted by the cortex (the outer layer) of the adrenal glands. Adrenocortical hormones are typically characterized by a carbonyl group or hydroxyl group at C11 of the steroid skeleton.

  • basic anhydride (basic oxide)

    An oxide that forms a base when added to water; soluble metal oxides are basic anhydrides. (Section 22.5)

  • bonding atomic radius

    The radius of an atom as defined by the distances separating it from other atoms to which it is chemically bonded. (Section 7.3)

  • buffer capacity

    The amount of acid or base a buffer can neutralize before the pH begins to change appreciably. (Section 17.2)

  • chemical changes

    Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical reactions. (Section 1.3)

  • compound

    A substance composed of two or more elements united chemically in definite proportions. (Section 1.2)

  • coordination sphere

    The metal ion and its surrounding ligands. (Section 23.2)

  • electrolytic cell

    A device in which a nonspontaneous oxidation–reduction reaction is caused to occur by passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. (Section 20.9)

  • Gibbs free energy (G)

    The ultimate arbiter of the spontaneity of a reaction, where DG = DH - T DS.

  • lactone

    A cyclic ester.

  • node

    Points in an atom at which the electron density is zero. For example, the node in a 2s orbital is a spherical surface. (Section 6.6)

  • oxime

    A compound with the structure R2CRN!OH.

  • para

    On an aromatic ring, the C4position.

  • peroxides

    Compounds with the general structure R!O!O!R.

  • photochemical smog

    A complex mixture of undesirable substances produced by the action of sunlight on an urban atmosphere polluted with automobile emissions. The major starting ingredients are nitrogen oxides and organic substances, notably olefins and aldehydes. (Section 18.2)

  • quaternary structure

    The structure of a protein resulting from the clustering of several individual protein chains into a final specific shape. (Section 24.7)

  • rare earth element

    See lanthanide element. (Sections 6.8 and 6.9)

  • soluble

    A term used to indicate that a certain volume of a compound will dissolve in a specified amount of a liquid at room temperature.

  • Thermoset plastic

    A polymer that can be molded when it is fi rst prepared, but once cooled, hardens irreversibly and cannot be remelted.

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