- 126.96.36.199.6: List five types of chemical reactions.
- 188.8.131.52.7: Classify each of the following reactions as a synthesis, decomposit...
- 184.108.40.206.8: For each of the following reactions, identify the missing reactant(...
- 220.127.116.11.9: For each of the following reactions, write the missing product(s) a...
- 18.104.22.168.10: inferring relati onships In an experiment, an iron sample is oxidiz...
Solutions for Chapter 8.2: Types of ChemicalReactions
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A molecule containing two !OR or !OAr groups bonded to the same carbon
A reaction in which bonds are broken in the presence of an acid. For example, in the presence of a strong acid, an ether is converted into two alkyl halides.
Members of group 1A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)
alkaline earth metals.
The Group 2A elements (Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, and Ra). (2.4)
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on adjacent sites point in opposite directions and cancel each other’s effects. (Section 23.1)
One-half the distance between the two nuclei in two adjacent atoms of the same element in a metal. For elements that exist as diatomic units, the atomic radius is one-half the distance between the nuclei of the two atoms in a particular molecule. (8.3)
A rule that determines the order in which orbitals are filled by electrons. Specifically, the lowest energy orbital is filled first.
When applying Woodward-Fieser rules, the groups attached to the chromophore.
A structure that bears a positive charge.
A type of secondary structure of DNA molecules in which two anti parallel polynucleotide strands are coiled in a right-handed manner about the same axis
A biological membrane that consists of a phospholipid bilayer with proteins, carbohydrates, and other lipids on the surface and embedded in the bilayer
A compound of the type CHX3 where X is a halogen.
The structure of the transition state for an exothermic step looks more like the reactants of that step than the products. Conversely, the structure of the transition state for an endothermic step looks more like the products of that step than the reactants.
For water, Kw is the product of the aquated hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion concentrations: 3H+43OH-4 = Kw = 1.0 * 10-14 at 25 °C. (Section 16.3)
In additionreactions, the observation that the hydrogen atomis generally placed at the vinylic position alreadybearing the larger number of hydrogen atoms.
A CH2 group.
A solid, inorganic substance occurring in nature, such as calcium carbonate, which occurs as calcite. (Section 23.1)
Refers to groups occupying l,4-positions on a benzene ring
The sign of the wave function at particular coordinates in space, either plus or minus. Phasing is often represented by colors, such as red or blue
representative (main-group) element
An element from within the s and p blocks of the periodic table (Figure 6.29). (Section 6.9)