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Solutions for Chapter 9.3: Limiting Reactantsand Percentage Yield
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
activation energy (Ea).
The minimum amount of energy required to initiate a chemical reaction. (13.4)
An atom or group of atoms bearing a negative charge.
An equilibrium property measured by the position of equilibrium in an acid-base reaction, as, for example, the acid-base reaction between ammonia and water.
C-Terminal amino acid
The amino acid at the end of a polypeptide chain having the free !COOH group.
The process by which a liquid rises in a tube because of a combination of adhesion to the walls of the tube and cohesion between liquid particles. (Section 11.3)
A substance that forms complex ions with metal ions in solution. (23.3)
common ion effect.
The shift in equilibrium caused by the addition of a compound having an ion in common with the dissolved substances. (16.2)
An ArN2 1 or RN2 1 ion
A twodimensional representation of a molecule; in these projections, groups on the right and left are by convention in front, while those at the top and bottom are to the rear.
See voltaic cell. (Section 20.3)
Heat of combustion (DH0 )
Standard heat of combustion is the heat released when one mole of a substance in its standard state (gas, liquid, solid) is oxidized completely to carbon dioxide and water.
A substance formed in one elementary step of a multistep mechanism and consumed in another; it is neither a reactant nor an ultimate product of the overall reaction. (Section 14.6)
An electrically neutral particle found in the nucleus of an atom; it has approximately the same mass as a proton. (Section 2.3)
A conversion of one kind of nucleus to another. (Section 21.3)
From the Greek meaning nucleus-loving. Any species that can donate a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis base
The very small, very dense, positively charged portion of an atom; it is composed of protons and neutrons. (Section 2.2)
A six-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.
A mixture of equal amounts of two enantiomers.
Shielding in NMR
Also called diamagnetic shielding; the term refers to the reduction in magnetic fi eld strength experienced by a nucleus underneath electron density induced to circulate when the molecule is placed in a strong magnetic fi eld.
Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using hydrazine and a base. Ylide (Section 16.6)