- 184.108.40.206.1: Define pressure.
- 220.127.116.11.2: What units are used to express pressure measurements?
- 18.104.22.168.3: What are standard conditions for gas measurements?
- 22.214.171.124.4: Convert the following pressures to pressures in standard atmosphere...
- 126.96.36.199.5: A sample of nitrogen gas is collected over water at a temperature o...
- 188.8.131.52.6: Why can you calculate the total pressure of a mixture of gases by a...
- 184.108.40.206.7: EVALUATING METHODS Clean rooms used for sterile biological research...
- 220.127.116.11.8: INFERRING RELATIONSHIPS Explain why helium-filled balloons deflate ...
Solutions for Chapter 11.1: Gases and Pressure
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A reaction in which a reagent adds to the two carbon atoms of a carbon–carbon multiple bond. (Section 24.3)
Orbitals fi ll in order of increasing energy, from lowest to highest.
A reaction in which a ketone is treated with a peroxy acid and is converted into an ester via the insertion of an oxygen atom.
The heating of an ore to bring about its decomposition and the elimination of a volatile product. For example, a carbonate ore might be calcined to drive off CO2. (Section 23.2)
A form of carbon produced when wood is heated strongly in a deficiency of air. (Section 22.9)
A technique by which compounds are separated from each other based on a difference in the way they interact with the medium (the adsorbent) through which they are passed.
A drawing style in which none of the bonds are drawn. Groups of atoms are clustered together when possible. For example, isopropanol has two CH3 groups, both of which are connected to the central carbon atom, shown like this: (CH3)2CHOH.
cubic close packing
A crystal structure where the atoms are packed together as close as possible, and the close-packed layers of atoms adopt a three-layer repeating pattern that leads to a face-centered cubic unit cell. (Section 12.3)
The term used to express the concept of less shielding in NMR
The left side of an NMR spectrum.
A spherical arrangement of organic molecules in water solution clustered so that their hydrophobic parts are buried inside the sphere and their hydrophilic parts are on the surface of the sphere and in contact with water
The mass of the collection of atoms represented by the chemical formula for a molecule. (Section 3.3)
A kinetic property measured by the rate at which a nucleophile causes nucleophilic substitution on a reference compound under a standardized set of experimental conditions.
A phosphoric monoester, which is the simplest kind of phosphoglyceride.
A detailed picture, or model, of how the reaction occurs; that is, the order in which bonds are broken and formed and the changes in relative positions of the atoms as the reaction proceeds. (Section 14.6)
A term describing a consideration that must be taken into account for a reaction in which two or more constitutional isomers can be formed.
In radical reactions, a step in which two radicals are joined to give a compound with no unshared electrons.
The angle between two groups in a Newman projection, also called the dihedral angle.
The highest energy point on a reaction coordinate diagram. The chemical structure at this point is commonly called an activated complex.
Williamson ether synthesis
A method for preparing an ether from an alkoxide ion and an alkyl halide (via an SN2 process).