- 188.8.131.52.22: Compare diffusion with effusion.
- 184.108.40.206.23: State Grahams law of effusion.
- 220.127.116.11.24: Estimate the molar mass of a gas that effuses at 1.6 times the effu...
- 18.104.22.168.25: Determine the molecular mass ratio of two gases whose rates of effu...
- 22.214.171.124.26: List the following gases in order of increasing average molecular v...
- 126.96.36.199.27: ANALYZIN G IN FOR MATION An unknown gas effuses at one-half the spe...
Solutions for Chapter 11.4: Diffusion andEffusion
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
absolute temperature scale.
A temperature scale that uses the absolute zero of temperature as the lowest temperature. (5.3)
A resonance-stabilized cation with the structure [RC"O]1 or [ArC"O]1. The positive charge is delocalized over both the carbonyl carbon and the carbonyl oxygen.
A format for naming primary amines containing a complex alkyl group.
For mechanisms, a step that involves two chemical entities.
A class of substances formed from polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones. (Section 24.8)
A notation that uses chemical symbols with numerical subscripts to convey the relative proportions of atoms of the different elements in a substance. (Section 2.6)
common ion effect.
The shift in equilibrium caused by the addition of a compound having an ion in common with the dissolved substances. (16.2)
An atom or group of atoms within a molecule that shows a characteristic set of physical and chemical properties
A conformation about a single bond of an alkane in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 60°
An amorphous solid formed by fusion of SiO2, CaO, and Na2O. Other oxides may also be used to form glasses with differing characteristics. (Section 22.10)
The equilibrium established between substances in two or more different phases, for example, between a gas and a solid or between a solid and a liquid. (Section 15.4)
Radiation that has sufficient energy to remove an electron from a molecule, thereby ionizing it. (Section 21.9)
Matter that has a distinct volume but no specific shape. (Section 1.2)
A way to view a molecule by looking along a carbon-carbon single bond
A kinetic property measured by the rate at which a nucleophile causes nucleophilic substitution on a reference compound under a standardized set of experimental conditions.
The extent to which atomic orbitals on different atoms share the same region of space. When the overlap between two orbitals is large, a strong bond may be formed. (Section 9.4)
A radioactive nuclide. (Section 21.1)
The positively charged intermediate of an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction.
A name that is assigned using the rules of IUPAC nomenclature.
A term used to describe two identical groups attached to adjacent carbon atoms.
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