Solutions for Chapter 12.1: Types of Mixtures

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 12.1: Types of Mixtures

Since 6 problems in chapter 12.1: Types of Mixtures have been answered, more than 20599 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 12.1: Types of Mixtures includes 6 full step-by-step solutions. Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • 1,4-adduct

    The product obtained from 1,4-addition across a conjugated p system.

  • amines.

    Organic bases that have the functional group —NR2, where R may be H, an alkyl group, or an aromatic group. (24.4)

  • amino acid

    A carboxylic acid that contains an amino 1¬NH22 group attached to the carbon atom adjacent to the carboxylic acid 1¬COOH2 functional group. (Section 24.7)

  • Aprotic solvent

    A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide

  • aqueous solution.

    A solution in which the solvent is water. (4.1)

  • Beer’s law

    In UV-Vis spectroscopy, an equation describing the relationship between molar absorptivity (e), absorbance (A), concentration (C), and path length (l): e = A (C Ž l)

  • C-Terminal amino acid

    The amino acid at the end of a polypeptide chain having the free !COOH group.

  • deshielded

    In NMR spectroscopy,protons or carbon atoms whose surrounding electron density is poor.

  • diene

    A compound containing two carbon-carbon p bonds.

  • dipole-dipole interactions

    Theresulting net attraction between two dipoles.

  • frequency

    For electromagnetic radiation, the number of wavelengths that pass a particular point in space per unit time.

  • Friedel-Crafts alkylation

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that installs an alkyl group on an aromatic ring.

  • liquid crystal

    A substance that exhibits one or more partially ordered liquid phases above the melting point of the solid form. By contrast, in nonliquid crystalline substances the liquid phase that forms upon melting is completely unordered. (Section 11.7)

  • LUMO

    The lowest unoccupied molecular orbital.

  • Messenger RNA (mRNA)

    A ribonucleic acid that carries coded genetic information from DNA to the ribosomes for the synthesis of proteins

  • rate-determining step

    The slowest elementary step in a reaction mechanism. (Section 14.6)

  • Rearrangement

    A change in connectivity of the atoms in a product compared with the con nectivity of the same atoms in the starting material.

  • secondary alkyl halide

    An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to exactly two alkyl groups.

  • sp3 Hybrid orbital

    A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and three 2p atomic orbitals.

  • weak activators

    Groups that weakly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby enhancing the rate of the reaction.

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