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Solutions for Chapter 12.1: Types of Mixtures
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A quantitative measure of the extent to which a compound absorbs radiation of a particular wavelength. A 5 log (I0/I ) where I0 is the incident radiation and I is the transmitted radiation
A cyclic hydrocarbon with a continuous alternation of single and double bonds.
The electrode at which oxidation occurs. (18.2)
antibonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated outside the region between the two nuclei of bonded atoms. Such orbitals, designated as s* or p*, are less stable (of higher energy) than bonding molecular orbitals. (Section 9.7)
Avogadro’s number (NA).
6.022 3 1023; the number of particles in a mole. (3.2)
A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring parallel to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly perpendicular to the equator of the ring.
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which an aryldiazonium salt reacts with an activated aromatic ring.
An electrode at which reduction occurs. (Section 20.3)
An ion containing a central metal cation bonded to one or more molecules or ions. (16.10)
coordinate covalent bond.
A bond in which the pair of electrons is supplied by one of the two bonded atoms; also called a dative bond. (9.9)
The process in which the molecules go directly from the vapor into the solid phase. (11.8)
The angle created by two intersecting planes.
A term that describes the position of equilibrium for a reaction: Keq = 3H3O+ 4 3A- 4 3HA4 3H2O4
Lewis dot structure
The symbol of an element surrounded by a number of dots equal to the number of electrons in the valence shell of the atom
A chemical combination of two or more atoms. (Sections 1.1 and 2.6)
An electrically neutral particle found in the nucleus of an atom; it has approximately the same mass as a proton. (Section 2.3)
nuclear binding energy
The energy required to decompose an atomic nucleus into its component protons and neutrons. (Section 21.6)
The ratio of the actual (experimental) yield of a product to its theoretical (calculated) yield, multiplied by 100. (Section 3.7)
A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located only at the corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)
The strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by four or more bonds are forced closer to each other than their atomic (contact) radii would allow. Steric strain is also called non-bonded interaction strain, or van der Waals strain.
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