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Solutions for Chapter 12.1: Types of Mixtures
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
The product obtained from 1,4-addition across a conjugated p system.
Organic bases that have the functional group —NR2, where R may be H, an alkyl group, or an aromatic group. (24.4)
A carboxylic acid that contains an amino 1¬NH22 group attached to the carbon atom adjacent to the carboxylic acid 1¬COOH2 functional group. (Section 24.7)
A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide
A solution in which the solvent is water. (4.1)
In UV-Vis spectroscopy, an equation describing the relationship between molar absorptivity (e), absorbance (A), concentration (C), and path length (l): e = A (C Ž l)
C-Terminal amino acid
The amino acid at the end of a polypeptide chain having the free !COOH group.
In NMR spectroscopy,protons or carbon atoms whose surrounding electron density is poor.
A compound containing two carbon-carbon p bonds.
Theresulting net attraction between two dipoles.
For electromagnetic radiation, the number of wavelengths that pass a particular point in space per unit time.
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that installs an alkyl group on an aromatic ring.
A substance that exhibits one or more partially ordered liquid phases above the melting point of the solid form. By contrast, in nonliquid crystalline substances the liquid phase that forms upon melting is completely unordered. (Section 11.7)
The lowest unoccupied molecular orbital.
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
A ribonucleic acid that carries coded genetic information from DNA to the ribosomes for the synthesis of proteins
The slowest elementary step in a reaction mechanism. (Section 14.6)
A change in connectivity of the atoms in a product compared with the con nectivity of the same atoms in the starting material.
secondary alkyl halide
An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to exactly two alkyl groups.
sp3 Hybrid orbital
A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and three 2p atomic orbitals.
Groups that weakly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby enhancing the rate of the reaction.
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